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Perspectives on Active Preventive Measures of Wuhan People against COVID-19 Epidemic at Home: A Comparative Study

Submit Time: 2020-02-24
Author: zhidong,Xue 1,2,6 ; Lei,Zhao 2 ; Tailang,Yin 5 ; Yan,Fu 6,9 ; Zehua,Lyu 1,2 ; yiping,Dang 2,3 ; Yujiang,Zeng 2,3 ; Silou,Huang 2,4 ; Bing,Qu 2,5 ; Hongya,Lyu 1,6 ; Chen,Huang 1 ; Zhiyou,Kong 1 ; Kepei,Xu 1 ; Feipeng,Zhou 7 ; Hexun,Dong 8 ; He,Hu 9 ; Jing,Tang 2,6 ; Senyuan,Xue 2,6 ; Zhixiang,Fang 10 ; Jinxiang,Lu 1,6 ; Cheng,Zhou 1 ; Yuan,Wang 1 ; Tianju,Hou 1 ; Jiming,Hu 11 ;
Institute: 1.Center of Data Science, School of software , Huazhong University of Science and Technology, wuhan, Hubei 430074, China; 2.Interdisciplinary platforms of Infection and inflammation,Union Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, wuhan, Hubei 430022, China.; 3.School of Electronic Information and Communications, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, wuhan, Hubei 430074, China.; 4.Lab for Receptor Oligomerization, Key Laboratory of Molecular Biophysics of Ministry of Education, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China; 5. Renmin Hospital, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, China.; 6..Ezhou institute of engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Ezhou,Hubei 436060; 7.Hospital of Huazhong University of Science and Technology,Wuhan, Hubei 430074, China. ; 8.School of Architecture adn Urben planning, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Hubei 430074, China; 9..School of Mechanical Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, wuhan, Hubei 430074, China.; 10.State Key Laboratory of Information in Surveying,Mapping adn Remote Sensing,Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, China.; 11.School of Information Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430060, China.;

Abstracts

Background:The COVID-19 Epidemic emerged in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Ever since Wuhan lockdown on January 23rd, mass quarantines were exercised on Wuhan and other epidemic areas of China. We aimed to clarify how ordinary Wuhan people defend against COVID-19 epidemic at home through the Internet survey. Methods:A questionnaire survey, consisting of 30 questions were posted on the Internet. The following aspects were investigated: household preventive measures, self-monitoring of discomfort symptoms, immunity boosting against the epidemic, frequency and reasons of outgoing and mental status of the isolated people. The questionnaire was circulated on Wechat. We marked the areas based on the surveyed network IP addresses and categorized respondents into group A(Wuhan), B(Hubei Province excluding Wuhan ), C, and D based on the epidemic severity of their areas announced by Baidu.com at 17:00 on February 8, 2020. And a comparative study was conducted to illustrate how Wuhan people took the anti-COVID-19 strategies and how efficient these preventive measures were. Findings:In terms of discomfort symptoms, Wuhan, as Group A, had the lowest asymptomatic percentages (70.2%), compared to the average 78.5% (±7%). Considering the three typical symptoms for the COVID-19, i.e., cough, fever and fatigue, Wuhan (9.67%) greatly deviated from the average (7.68%). The fatigue was the most significant factor in the deviation, exceeding the average by 1.35%. In terms of household protection measures, most people or families were able to take effective protection measures with very low frequency of going out, but the percentage of those who took this practice was obviously smaller in Wuhan and Hubei Province. From the aspect of going out, most of the people in Wuhan only went out for shopping and work, with a small number of people for social gathering. In terms of immunity boosting, compared with Group C and D, it was relatively lower in Wuhan. Overall, most people chose to enhance their immunity through regular schedule, exercise, sufficient nutrition. Only 33.44% of people in Group A did not go out, and 59.97% had to go out for living supplies, which was the highest level among the four groups. However, the percentage of people who went out for work and unnecessary activities remains the lowest while 1% of the population went out for public welfare activities, higher than other groups. Worry about the family health topped all the parameters for all the groups. Among them, Wuhan has reached a maximum of 49.61%, higher than the average level of 36.62% (± 10.69%). Mental status except for feeling bored and lonely were the highest in Wuhan. Suggestions:When the epidemic prevention and control is still in a sticky state, and Wuhan started a stricter control measure, the closed management of communities, on Feb 11, 2020, it is expected that our findings can provide some insights into the current household preventive actions and arouse more attentions of the public to some ignored preventive precautions. Unnecessary outgoing should be strictly abandoned. Regular schedule, exercises and nutrition were the top 3 measures participants would choose to enhance their own immunity system. It seems that people in Wuhan would choose nutrition and regular scheduler rather than exercises as the primary immunity-boosting ways. Exercise should be especially advocated as an effective way to enhance the immunity system. In terms of physical condition, people in Wuhan should take more active measures when symptoms occurred. The mentality is also an important aspect requiring intensive attention with the conduct of stricter control management in Wuhan while the rest groups gradually resume to work and ordinary life.
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From: zhidong xue
DOI:10.12074/202002.00063
Recommended references: zhidong,Xue,Lei,Zhao,Tailang,Yin,Yan,Fu,Zehua,Lyu,yiping,Dang,Yujiang,Zeng,Silou,Huang,Bing,Qu,Hongya,Lyu,Chen,Huang,Zhiyou,Kong,Kepei,Xu,Feipeng,Zhou,Hexun,Dong,He,Hu,Jing,Tang,Senyuan,Xue,Zhixiang,Fang,Jinxiang,Lu,Cheng,Zhou,Yuan,Wang,Tianju,Hou,Jiming,Hu.(2020).Perspectives on Active Preventive Measures of Wuhan People against COVID-19 Epidemic at Home: A Comparative Study.[ChinaXiv:202002.00063] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2020-02-24 21:52:40 chinaXiv:202002.00063V1 Download
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