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Impact of Halogen Bonds on Protein-Peptide Binding and Protein Structural Stability Revealed by Computational Approaches

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摘要: Halogen bonds (XBs) are essential non-covalent interactions in molecular recognition and drug design. Current studies on XBs in drug design mainly focus on the interactions between halogenated ligands and target proteins, lacking a systematic study on naturally existing and artificially prepared halogenated residue XBs (hr_XBs) and their characteristics. Here, we conducted a computational study on the potential hr_XBs in proteins/peptides using database searching, quantum mechanics calculations, and molecular dynamics simulations. XBs at protein-peptide interaction interfaces are found to enhance their binding affinity. Additionally, the formation of intramolecular XBs (intra_XBs) within proteins may significantly contribute to the structural stability of structurally flexible proteins, while having a minor impact on proteins with inherently high structural rigidity. Impressively, introducing halogens without the formation of intra_XBs may lead to a decrease in protein structural stability. This study enriches our comprehension of the roles and effects of halogenated residue XBs in biological systems.

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[V1] 2024-04-10 15:16:33 ChinaXiv:202404.00153V1 下载全文
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