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Decoding homodimerization and antidepressant recognition at the norepinephrine transporter

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摘要: The norepinephrine transporter (NET) plays a pivotal role in regulating neurotransmitter balance and is critical for normal physiology and neurobiology. Dysfunction of NET has been implicated in numerous neuropsychiatric diseases including depression, anxiety, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and Parkinson’s disease. Here we report cryo-EM structures of NET in apo and substrate-bound forms, as well as complexes with six antidepressants. The structures reveal an unexpected NET dimer interface predominantly mediated by cholesterol and lipid molecules. The substrate norepinephrine is found to bind deep within the central binding pocket, with its amine group interacting with a conserved aspartate. The structures also provide insight into antidepressant recognition, including how subtle differences in binding poses confer selectivity over other monoamine transporters. Together these breakthrough findings significantly advance our understanding of NET regulation and inhibition, providing templates for designing improved antidepressants to treat neuropsychiatric disorders.

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[V1] 2024-04-27 13:06:34 ChinaXiv:202404.00367V1 下载全文
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