Balanced time perspective and mental health: Mechanisms and theoretical framework
摘要: 时间洞察力(Time perspective, TP)是个体分类、组织、管理人生和社会经验的必要心理时间框架。在当今快节奏和高竞争性的社会中，寻求过去、现在和未来时间洞察力之间的平衡被认为是优化个体社会适应、提升幸福和促进心理健康的重要方式。然而，由于概念取向模糊、测量方法局限等，现有平衡时间洞察力与心理健康的关系研究较为繁杂，作用机制尚不明确，且缺乏宏观角度上的理论框架。通过对现存研究的梳理，从平衡时间洞察力的不同概念取向入手，整合形成平衡时间洞察力的双通道理论模型，包含时间转换取向与总体健康取向平衡时间洞察力对心理健康的直接与间接作用路径，以及潜在的边界条件。未来研究应区分平衡时间洞察力的不同概念取向，并分别进行拓展研究，着重发展时间转换取向平衡时间洞察力的测量手段，深化中国文化背景下平衡时间洞察力与心理健康的理论研究和实证探索。
Abstract: Time Perspective (TP) is a crucial psychological framework that allows individuals to classify, organize, and manage their life and social experiences. Achieving a balance between the past, present, and future is essential for optimizing social adaptation, facilitating well-being, and promoting mental health. However, the theoretical framework and underlying mechanisms linking balanced time perspective (BTP) to mental health remain unclear due to the lack of clarity in its concept and limited measurement methods. Based on the review of existing studies, a dual-pathway theoretical framework has been developed. This framework encompasses different conceptual orientations of BTP and could serve to clarify the direct and indirect paths, as well as the potential boundary conditions, between the 'time shift orientation' and 'general healthy orientation' aspects of BTP and mental health. Future research should aim to clearly distinguish between these different conceptual orientations of BTP, focus on developing measurement methods for 'time shift orientation' BTP, and deepen both theoretical and empirical exploration of BTP and mental health, particularly within the context of Chinese culture.