Current Location:home > Browse

Institution

1. chinaXiv:201910.00010 [pdf]

新疆阿尔泰山鞘翅目昆虫物种多样性研究

张东康
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

依据2015年对新疆阿尔泰山昆虫资源的科考结果,结合新疆大学生命科学与技术学院昆虫标本馆有关阿尔泰山鞘翅目的馆藏标本,对阿尔泰山6个林场的鞘翅目昆虫进行标本鉴定和数据统计分析。整理阿尔泰山鞘翅目昆虫共2 061号,隶属于22科85属129种。多样性分析表明,优势类群为叶甲科和金龟科,合计占鞘翅目物种总数的43.76%(31.44%,12.32%),以薄翅萤叶甲Pallasiola absinthii (Pallas),粗糙弯边蜣螂Cymnopleurus flagellates (Fabricius)为优势种。科级Shannon-Wiener指数以富蕴林场最高(2.18),福海林场次之(2.17);种级Shannon-Wiener指数以福海林场最高(3.01)。种级和科级Margalef指数均以福海林场最高(2.79,7.94);福海林场和富蕴林场之间的科级相似性系数最高(0.17);由于布尔津林场和阿尔泰林场的植被和生境类型较相似,故二者种级相似性系数最高(0.82)。研究结果表明鞘翅目昆虫在新疆阿尔泰山不同林场的种类和数量存在明显差异。

submitted time 2019-10-11 From cooperative journals:《干旱区研究》 Hits2035Downloads49 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201908.00095 [pdf]

First report of immature feathers in juvenile enantiornithines from the Early Cretaceous Jehol avifauna

Jingmai K. O’CONNOR; Amanda FALK; WANG Min; ZHENG Xiao-Ting
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

Molting—the process replacing one plumage with another—is a critically important biological function in Aves. This process annually replaces the feather coat, damaged by normal wear and tear, produces ontogenetic changes in feathering, and produces alternate breeding plumages associated with reproductive activity in adults. Immature, growing feathers are encased in a keratinous sheath, giving them a narrow, tubular, and featureless appearance. The complete loss of the sheath indicates the feather is mature. Despite the wealth of integumentary data published from the Jehol Biota, immature feathers have never been definitively reported, although they may potentially be preserved in a juvenile specimen of the non-avian oviraptorosaur theropod dinosaur Similicaudipteryx from the 120 Ma Jiufotang Formation. A developing feather has been reported in a 99 Ma enantiornithine neonate preserved in Burmese amber, in which three-dimensional preservation makes interpretations of integumentary structures more straightforward. Here we report on probable immature feathers in four juvenile enantiornithines (Aves: Ornithothoraces) from the Jehol Group. As observed in developing feathers in extant birds, the purported immature fossil feathers appear proximally narrow and featureless with barbs protruding only distally. Based on our observations, we suggest that similar-appearing feather structures preserved on the manus and tibiotarsus in the holotype of the enantiornithine Cruralispennia multidonta may alternatively be interpreted as immature feathers. The presence of immature feathers in combination with sexually dimorphic ornamental feathers in juvenile enantiornithines suggests the complex molting patterns of Neornithes, in which such ornaments only appear after several years (following several molts) when reproductive activity is achieved, are limited to a subset of crownward avians.

submitted time 2019-08-27 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits85Downloads33 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201908.00118 [pdf]

Five new species of Arvicolinae and Myospalacinae from the Late Pliocene−Early Pleistocene of Nihewan Basin

ZHENG Shao-Hua; ZHANG Ying-Qi;  CUI Ning
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

The Nihewan Basin has been well known for its Cezonoic fossiliferous fluviolacustrine deposits and paleolithic sites for almost a century. There have been considerable research efforts devoted to the understanding of the geology, chronology, and stratigraphy of this complex of sedimentary body. The current fundamental problem lies in the chronological aspect of the Nihewan Beds. Arvicolinae and Myospalacinae are two groups of rodents characterized by rapid evolutionary rates and quantifiable evolutionary trends, and hence particularly helpful in Late Cenozoic biostratigraphic correlations. Therefore, we briefly describe three new species of Arvicolinae and two new species of Myospalacinae that mainly came from the selected sections in the Nihewan Basin. Hopefully, they would contribute towards the establishment of the biostratigraphic framework of the Nihewan Basin and provide new evidence on the chronological understanding of the Nihewan Beds from an evolutionary point of view.

submitted time 2019-08-26 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits90Downloads38 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201908.00120 [pdf]

New gobiconodontid (Eutriconodonta, Mammalia) from the Lower Cretaceous Shahai and Fuxin formations, Liaoning, China

KUSUHASHI Nao; WANG Yuan-Qing;  LI Chuan-Kui; JIN Xun
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

Eutriconodontans are one of the key members of mammals to our understanding of the evolution and transition of mammalian fauna in Asia during the Cretaceous. Two gobiconodontid and two triconodontid species have previously been reported from the upper Lower Cretaceous Shahai and Fuxin formations. Here we describe two additional eutriconodontans from the formations, Fuxinoconodon changi gen. et sp. nov. and ?Gobiconodontidae gen. et sp. indet. This new species is attributed to the Gobiconodontidae, characterized by having an enlarged first lower incisor, reduction in the number of incisors and premolariforms, proportionally large cusps b and c being well distant from cusp a on the molariforms, presence of a labial cingulid, and a unique mixed combination of molariform characters seen on either the first or the second, but not both, generations of molariforms in Gobiconodon. Together with the four known species, eutriconodontans remained diverse to some extent in the late Early Cretaceous in Asia, although their family-level and generic level diversity appears to have been already reduced at that time.

submitted time 2019-08-26 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits370Downloads43 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201908.00119 [pdf]

New gobiconodontid (Eutriconodonta, Mammalia) from the Lower Cretaceous Shahai and Fuxin formations, Liaoning, China

KUSUHASHI Nao; WANG Yuan-Qing;  LI Chuan-Kui; JIN Xun
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

Eutriconodontans are one of the key members of mammals to our understanding of the evolution and transition of mammalian fauna in Asia during the Cretaceous. Two gobiconodontid and two triconodontid species have previously been reported from the upper Lower Cretaceous Shahai and Fuxin formations. Here we describe two additional eutriconodontans from the formations, Fuxinoconodon changi gen. et sp. nov. and ?Gobiconodontidae gen. et sp. indet. This new species is attributed to the Gobiconodontidae, characterized by having an enlarged first lower incisor, reduction in the number of incisors and premolariforms, proportionally large cusps b and c being well distant from cusp a on the molariforms, presence of a labial cingulid, and a unique mixed combination of molariform characters seen on either the first or the second, but not both, generations of molariforms in Gobiconodon. Together with the four known species, eutriconodontans remained diverse to some extent in the late Early Cretaceous in Asia, although their family-level and generic level diversity appears to have been already reduced at that time.

submitted time 2019-08-26 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits361Downloads38 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201906.00053 [pdf]

New material of thelodonts from Lochkovian(Lower Devonian) of Qujing, Yunnan, China

CUI Xin-Dong(1,2,3); LI Qiang(4); QIAO Tuo(1,2); ZHU Min(1,2,3)
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

We reconstructed a wealth of three-dimensional virtual models of vertebrate microremains from the Xitun Formation and lower part of the Xishancun Formation (Lochkovian,Lower Devonian) of Qujing, Yunnan by means of high-resolution computed tomography. One genus (Parathelodus) and seven species (P. trilobatus, P. asiaticus, P. cornuformis, P. scitulus, P. xitunensis sp. nov., P. wangi sp. nov. and P. liaokuoensis sp. nov.) of thelodonts are described. The new discovery extends the stratigraphic distribution of Parathelodus from the Xitun Formation and the upper part of the Xishancun Formation to the lower part of the Xishancun Formation, the horizon close to the Silurian-Devonian boundary. The three new species, P. xitunensis, P. wangi and P. liaokuoensis, enhance our knowledge of the thelodont diversity from the Early Devonian of China.

submitted time 2019-06-17 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits182Downloads71 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:201906.00025 [pdf]

The tetrapod fauna of the upper Permian Naobaogou Formation of China— 4. the diversity of dicynodonts

LIU Jun
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

The Permian dicynodont records were previously rare in North China, but many dicynodont specimens have been collected from the Naobaogou Formation in Daqingshan area, Nei Mongol since 2009. Among these specimens, seven morphotypes have been identified, and they may represent seven different species: two of them are closely related to Daqingshanodon limbus, three or four are closely related to Jimusaria sinkianensis, and one may be closely related to Turfanodon. This study shows the dicynodonts also have a high diversity at the species level in North China.

submitted time 2019-06-11 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits284Downloads141 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201906.00026 [pdf]

Molecular clock dating using MrBayes

ZHANG Chi
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

This paper provides an overview and a protocol of molecular clock dating using MrBayes. Two modern approaches, total-evidence dating and node dating, are demonstrated using a truncated dataset of Hymenoptera with molecular sequences and morphological characters. The similarity and difference of the two methods are compared and discussed. Besides, a non-clock analysis is performed on the same dataset to compare with the molecular clock dating analyses.

submitted time 2019-06-11 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits282Downloads132 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:201906.00027 [pdf]

Metatarsal II osteohistology of Xixianykus zhangi (Theropoda: Alvarezsauria) and its implications for the development of the arctometatarsalian pes

QIN Zi-Chuan; ZHAO Qi; XU Xing
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

The late-branching alvarezsaurian Xixianykus zhangi is among the smallest known non-avialan theropods. With great similarity to its close relatives, it is highly cursorial as indicated by proportionally long lower segments of the hindlimbs and the presence of an arctometatarsalian pes–a highly modified structure that has been suggested to improve cursorial capability in theropods. Here we describe the osteohistology of the metatarsal II of the holotype of X. zhangi (XMDFEC V 0011). Two rarely reported histological features, radial vascular canals and Sharpey’s fibers, are presented in this study. We suggest that both features are related to the development of the arctometatarsalian pes; however, further investigations of metatarsal osteohistology in theropods are required for the validation of our interpretation.

submitted time 2019-06-11 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits288Downloads130 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:201906.00028 [pdf]

Cladistic approach on chronological relationship of the Pleistocene mammalian faunas from China

DONG Wei; LIU Wen-Hui; BAI Wei-Peng
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

There are many localities yielding the Pleistocene mammalian faunas in China. It offers excellent material for the study of mammalian evolution, biochronology,paleoecology,paleoenvironment, paleozoogeography, etc. Faunal assemblage characters and taxonomic extinction rates were widely used for determining the faunal ages in biochronology. Faunal binary similarity coefficients sequenced according to Brainerd-Robinson’s rule and antiquity coefficients were further developed methods in biochronology for dating the faunal ages. The faunal binary similarity coefficients are based on the presence or absence of a taxon in a fauna. It is similar to the presence or absence of a character of a species in cladistic analyses for phylogeny, and all faunas have a special ancestor-descendant relationship. The present work is an attempt to find the relationship of the faunas with cladistic methods by selecting three groups of faunas sequenced by faunal binary similarity coefficients according to Brainerd-Robinson’s rule and antiquity coefficients, to compare the results with different methods, and then to estimate the ages of the faunas not yet dated by physical or chemical methods. The estimations are as follow: Gulongshan in Dalian, Liaoning Province: 16–20 ka; Shanchengzi at Benxi, Liaoning Province: 20–30 ka; Hualongdong at Dongzhi Man site, Anhui Province: 150–400 ka; Xinghuashan at Nanzhao Man site, Henan Province: 150–400 ka; Donghe at Luonan Man site, Shaanxi Province: 500–700 ka; Bailongdong at Yunxi Man site, Hubei Province: 500–850 ka; Meipu at Yunxian, Hubei Province: 500–850 ka; Mohui at Tiandong Man site, Guangxi Autonomous Region: 1.2–1.8 Ma; Juyuandong at Liucheng, Guangxi Autonomous Region: 1.2–1.5 Ma; Chutoulang at Chifeng, Nei Mongol Autonomous Region: 1.6–1.9 Ma; Renzidong at Fanchang, Anhui Province: 1.9–2.4 Ma.

submitted time 2019-06-11 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits313Downloads137 Comment 0

12345678910  Last  Go  [177 Pages/ 1767 Totals]