• Perhaps We Have Misunderstood the Maxwell’s Theory and the Galilean Transformations

    分类: 信息科学与系统科学 >> 信息科学与系统科学基础学科 分类: 物理学 >> 电磁学、光学、声学、传热、经典力学和流体动力学 分类: 电子与通信技术 >> 光电子学与激光技术 分类: 物理学 >> 地球物理学、天文学和天体物理学 分类: 物理学 >> 基本粒子与场物理学 提交时间: 2024-04-08

    摘要: The Einstein’s theory of special relativity is based on his two postulates. The first is that the laws of physics are the same in all inertial reference frames. The second is that the velocity of light in the vacuum is the same in all inertial frames. The theory of special relativity is considered to be supported by a large number of experiments. This paper revisits the two postulates according to the new interpretations to the exact solutions of moving sources in the laboratory frame. The exact solutions are obtained using the classic Maxwell’s theory, which clearly show that the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic waves of moving sources in the vacuum is not isotropic; the propagation velocity of the electromagnetic waves and the moving velocity of the sources cannot be added like vectors; the transverse Doppler effect is intrinsically included in the fields of the moving sources. The electromagnetic sources are subject to the Newtonian mechanics, while the electromagnetic fields are subject to the Maxwell’s theory. We argue that since their behaviors are quite different, it is not a best choice to try to bind them together and force them to undergo the same coordinate transformations as a whole, like that in the Lorentz transformations. Furthermore, the Maxwell’s theory does not impose any limitations on the velocity of the electromagnetic waves. To assume that all objects cannot move faster than the light in the vacuum need more examinations. We have carefully checked the main experiment results that were considered as supporting the special relativity. Unfortunately, we found that the experimental results may have been misinterpreted. We here propose a Galilean-Newtonian-Maxwellian relativity, which can give the same or even better explanations to those experimental results.

  • Correction to the quantum relation of photons involved in the Doppler effect in the framework of a special Lorentz violation model

    分类: 物理学 >> 普通物理:统计和量子力学,量子信息等 提交时间: 2023-10-28

    摘要: The possibility of Lorentz symmetry breaking has been discussed in many models of quantum gravity. In this paper we followed the Lorentz violation model in Ref. 14 to discuss the Doppler frequency shift of photons and the Compton scattering process between photons and electrons, pointing out that following the idea in Ref. 14 we have to modify the usual quantum relation of photons involved in Doppler effect. But due to the current limited information and knowledge, we couldnt yet determine the specific expression for the correction coefficientof the quantum relationof photons. However, the phenomenon of spontaneous radiation in a cyclotron masergive us an opportunity to see what the expression for this correction coefficientmight look like, as the phenomenon of spontaneous radiation in a cyclotron maser can be explained by the Doppler effect of virtual photons and the Compton scattering process between virtual photons and electrons (or other particles). Therefore, under some restrictive conditions, we construct a very concise expression for this correction coefficient by discussing different cases. And then we used this expression to analyze the wavelength of radiation in the cyclotron maser, which tends to be a limited value at vc, rather than to be 0 as in the Lorentz model. And we also discussed theinverse Compton scattering phenomenon and found that there is a limit to the maximum energy that can be obtained by photons in the collision between ultra-high energy particles and low-energy photons, which conclusion is also very different from that obtained from the Lorentz model, in which the energy that can be obtained by the photon tends to be infinite as the velocity of particle is close to c. This paper still inherits the idea in Ref. 14 that the energy and momentum of particles (i.e., any particles, including photons) cannot be infinite, otherwise it will make some physical scenarios meaningless, and this view is also from the idea in some quantum gravity models. When the parameter Qcharacterizing the degree of deviation from the Lorentz model is equal to 0, all the results and conclusions in this paper will return to the case as in the Lorentz model,so this paper also provides us with a possible experimental scheme to determine the value of Q in Ref. 14 , although it still requires extremely high experimental energy.