• Isotopic dependence of the yield ratios of light fragments from different projectiles and their unified neutron skin thicknesses

    分类: 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间: 2024-02-24

    摘要: The yield ratios of neutron-proton (R(n/p)) and 3H-3He (R(3H/3He)) with reduced rapidity from 0 to 0.5 were simulated for 50 MeV/u even-even 36-56Ca + 40Ca, even-even 48-78Ni + 58Ni and 100-139Sn (every third isotopes) + 112Sn at full reduced impact parameters using the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics (IQMD) model. The neutron and proton density distributions and root-mean-square radii of the reaction systems were obtained using the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model, which was used for the phase space initialization of the projectile and target in IQMD. We defined the unified neutron skin thickness as ΔRnp=2>n1/2-2>p1/2, which was negative for neutron-deficient nuclei. The unified ΔRnp values for nuclei with the same relative neutron excess from different isotopic chains were nearly equal, except for extreme neutron-rich isotopes, which is a type of scaling behavior. The yield ratios of the three isotopic chains-induced reactions, which dependent on the reduced impact parameter and the unified neutron skin thickness, were studied. The results show that both R(n/p) and R(3H/3He) decreased with a reduced impact parameter for extreme neutron-deficient isotopes; however, they increased with reduced impact parameters for extreme neutron-rich isotopes, and increased with the ΔRnpof the projectiles for all reduced impact parameters. In addition, a scaling phenomena was observed between ΔRnp and the yield ratios in peripheral collisions from different isotopic chain projectiles (except for extreme neutron-rich isotopes). Thus, R(n/p) and R(3H/3He) from peripheral collisions were suggested as experimental probes for extracting the neutron or proton skin thicknesses of non-extreme neutron-rich nuclei from different isotopic chains.