• Revisiting the constraints on primordial black hole abundance with the isotropic gamma ray background

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We revisit the constraints on primordial black holes (PBHs) in the mass range $10^{13}-10^{18}$ g by comparing the 100\,keV-5\,GeV gamma-ray background with isotropic flux from PBH Hawking radiation (HR). We investigate three effects that may update the constraints on the PBH abundance; i) reliably calculating the secondary spectra of HR for energy below 5\,GeV, ii) the contributions to the measured isotropic flux from the Galactic PBH HR and that from annihilation radiation due to evaporated positrons, iii) inclusion of astrophysical background from gamma-ray sources. The conservative constraint is significantly improved by more than an order of magnitude at $2\times10^{16}$g$\lesssim M\lesssim 10^{17}$g over the past relevant work, where the effect ii is dominant. After further accounting for the astrophysical background, more than a tenfold improvement extends to a much wider mass range $10^{15}$g$\lesssim M\lesssim 2\times 10^{17}$g.

  • The radiation emitted from axion dark matter in a homogeneous magnetic field, and possibilities for detection

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We study the direct radiation excited by oscillating axion (or axion-like particle) dark matter in a homogenous magnetic field and its detection scheme. We concretely derive the analytical expression of the axion-induced radiated power for a cylindrical uniform magnetic field. In the long wave limit, the radiation power is proportional to the square of the B-field volume and the axion mass $m_a$, whereas it oscillate as approaching the short wave limit and the peak powers are proportional to the side area of the cylindrical magnetic field and $m_a^{-2}$. The maximum power locates at mass $m_a\sim\frac{3\pi}{4R}$ for fixed radius $R$. Based on this characteristic of the power, we discuss a scheme to detect the axions in the mass range $1-10^4$\,neV, where four detectors of different bandwidths surround the B-field. The expected sensitivity for $m_a\lesssim1\,\mu$eV under typical-parameter values can far exceed the existing constraints.

  • Probing $\mu$eV ALPs with future LHAASO observation of AGN $\gamma$-ray spectra

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: Axion-like particles (ALPs) are predicted in some well-motivated theories beyond the Standard Model. The TeV gamma-rays from active galactic nuclei (AGN) suffer attenuation by the pair production interactions with the cosmic background light (EBL/CMB) during its travel to the earth. The attenuation can be circumvented through photon-ALP conversions in the AGN and Galaxy magnetic-field, and a flux enhancement is expected to arise in the observed spectrum. In this work, we study the potential of the AGN gamma-ray spectrum for energy up to above 100\,TeV to probe ALP-parameter space at around $\mu$eV, where the coupling $g_{a\gamma}$ is so far relatively weakly constrained. We find the nearby and bright sources, Mrk\,501, IC\,310 and M\,87, are suitable for our objective. Assuming an intrinsic spectrum exponential cutoff energy, we extrapolate the observed spectra of these sources up to above 100\,TeV by the models with/without ALPs. For $g_{a\gamma}\gtrsim 2\times$$10^{-11} \rm GeV^{-1}$ with $m_{a}\lesssim0.5\,\mu$eV, the flux at around 100\,TeV predicted by the ALP model can be enhanced more than an order of magnitude than that from the standard absorption, and could be detected by LHAASO. Our result is subject to the uncertainty from the intrinsic cutoff energy and the AGN lobe (or plume) magnetic-field. For an optimistic estimation, the constraint can be improved to $g_{a\gamma}\gtrsim 2\times$$10^{-11} \rm GeV^{-1}$ with $m_{a}\lesssim1\,\mu$eV. This require further observations on these sources by the forthcoming CTA, LHAASO, SWGO and so on.

  • Recent Progress on Halo Nuclei in Relativistic Density Functional Theory

    分类: 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间: 2024-02-26

    摘要: Since the discovery of the halo nucleus 11Li in 1985, halo phenomena in exotic nuclei have always been an important frontier in nuclear physics research. The relativistic density functional theory has achieved great success in the study of halo nuclei, e.g., the self-consistent description of halo nucleus 11Li and the microscopic prediction of deformed halo nuclei. This paper introduces some recent progresses, including the investigation of halo nucleus 37Mg and the prediction of the N = 28 shell collapse and a deformed halo in the new isotope 39Na based on the deformed relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum (DRHBc), as well as the exploration of triaxially deformed halo nuclei by the newly developed triaxial relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov theory in continuum (TRHBc).