• Quark Flavor Mixings from Hierarchical Mass Matrices

    分类: 物理学 >> 核物理学 提交时间: 2016-09-19

    摘要: In this paper, we extend the Fritzsch ansatz of quark mass matrices while retaining their hierarchical structures and show that the main features of the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa (CKM) matrix V, including |Vus|≃|Vcd|, |Vcb|≃|Vts| and |Vub|/|Vcb|<|Vtd|/|Vts|, can be well understood. This agreement is observed especially when the mass matrices have non-vanishing (1,3) and (3,1) off-diagonal elements. The phenomenological consequences of these for the allowed texture content and gross structural features of `hierarchical' quark mass matrices are addressed from a model independent prospective under the assumption of factorizable phases in these. The approximate and analytical expressions of the CKM matrix elements are derived, and a detailed analysis reveals that such structures are in good agreement with the observed quark flavor mixing angles and the CP-violating phase at the 1σ level and call upon a further investigation of the realization of these structures from a top-down prospective.