按提交时间
按主题分类
按作者
按机构
  • The Potential of Detecting Radio-flaring Ultracool Dwarfs at L band in the FAST Drift-scan Survey

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) completed its commissioning and began the Commensal Radio Astronomy FasT Survey (CRAFTS), a multi-year survey to cover 60% of the sky, in 2020. We present predictions for the number of radio-flaring ultracool dwarfs (UCDs) that are likely to be detected by CRAFTS. Based on the observed flaring UCDs from a number of unbiased, targeted radio surveys in the literature, we derive a detection rate of $\ge$3%. Assuming a flat radio spectrum $\nu L _{\nu}\propto \nu^{\beta+1} $ with $\beta$ = -1.0 for UCD flares, we construct a flare luminosity function $d N/d L \propto L^{-1.96 \pm 0.45}$ (here $L=\nu L_\nu$). CRAFTS is found to be sensitive enough for flares from UCDs up to $\sim$180 pc. Considering the Galactic thin disk, we carry out a 3D Monte Carlo simulation of the UCD population, which is then fed to mock CRAFTS observations. We estimate that $\sim$170 flaring UCDs would be detected through transient searches in circular polarization. Though only marginally sensitive to the scale height of UCDs, the results are very sensitive to the assumed spectral index $\beta$. For $\beta$ from 0 to -2.5, the number of expected detections increases dramatically from $\sim$20 to $\sim$3460. We also contemplate the strategies for following up candidates of flaring UCDs, and discuss the implications of survey results for improving our knowledge of UCD behavior at $L$ band and dynamos.

  • Complex Organic Molecules Formation in Cold Cores on Stochastically Heated Grains

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We investigate the roles of stochastic grain heating in the formation of complex organic molecules (COMs) in cold cores, where COMs have been detected. Two different types of grain-size distributions are used in the chemical models. The first one is the MRN distribution, and the second one considers grain coagulation to study its effects on the chemical evolution in these environments. The macroscopic Monte Carlo method is used to perform the two-phase chemical model simulations. We find that (1) grain coagulation can affect certain gas-phase species, such as CO$_2$ and N$_2$H$^+$, in the cold core environments, which can be attributed to the volatile precursors originating from the small grains with temperature fluctuations; (2) grains with radii around 4.6 $\times$ 10$^{-3}$ $\mu$m contribute most to the production of COMs on dust grains under cold core conditions, while few species can be formed on even smaller grains with radii less than 2 $\times$ 10$^{-3}$ $\mu$m; (3) COMs formed on stochastically heated grains could help explain the observed abundances of gas-phase COMs in cold cores.

  • J-comb: An image fusion algorithm to combine observations covering different spatial frequency ranges

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: Ground-based, high-resolution bolometric (sub)millimeter continuum mapping observations on spatially extended target sources are often subject to significant missing fluxes. This hampers accurate quantitative analyses. Missing flux can be recovered by fusing high-resolution images with observations that preserve extended structures. However, the commonly adopted image fusion approaches do not maintain the simplicity of the beam response function and do not try to elaborate the details of the yielded beam response functions. These make the comparison of the observations at multiple wavelengths not straightforward. We present a new algorithm, J-comb, which combines the high and low-resolution images linearly. By applying a taper function to the low-pass filtered image and combining it with a high-pass filtered image using proper weights, the beam response functions of our combined images are guaranteed to have near-Gaussian shapes. This makes it easy to convolve the observations at multiple wavelengths to share the same beam response functions. Moreover, we introduce a strategy to tackle the specific problem that the imaging at 850 um from the present-date ground-based bolometric instrument and that taken with the Planck satellite do not overlap in the Fourier domain. We benchmarked our method against two other widely-used image combination algorithms, CASA-feather and MIRIAD-immerge, with mock observations of star-forming molecular clouds. We demonstrate that the performance of the J-comb algorithm is superior to those of the other two algorithms. We applied the J-comb algorithm to real observational data of the Orion A star-forming region. We successfully produced dust temperature and column density maps with ~10" angular resolution, unveiling much greater details than the previous results.

  • Independent Core Rotation in Massive Filaments in Orion

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We present high-angular-resolution ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter Array) images of N$_{2}$H$^{+}$ (1--0) that has been combined with those from the Nobeyama telescope toward OMC-2 and OMC-3 filamentary regions. The filaments (with typical widths of $\sim$ 0.1 pc) and dense cores are resolved. The measured 2D velocity gradients of cores are between 1.3 and 16.7 km\,s$^{-1}$\,pc$^{-1}$, corresponding to a specific angular momentum ($J/M$) between 0.0012 and 0.016 pc\,km\,s$^{-1}$. With respect to the core size $R$, the specific angular momentum follows a power law $J/M \propto R^{1.52~\pm~0.14}$. The ratio ($\beta$) between the rotational energy and gravitational energy ranges from 0.00041 to 0.094, indicating insignificant support from rotation against gravitational collapse. We further focus on the alignment between the cores' rotational axes, which is defined to be perpendicular to the direction of the velocity gradient ($\theta_{G}$), and the direction of elongation of filaments ($\theta_{f}$) in this massive star-forming region. The distribution of the angle between $\theta_{f}$ and $\theta_{G}$ was f ound to be random, i.e. the cores' rotational axes have no discernible correlation with the elongation of their hosting filament. This implies that, in terms of angular momentum, the cores have evolved to be dynamically independent from their natal filaments.

  • New continuum and polarization observations of the Cygnus Loop with FAST

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We report on the continuum and polarization observations of the Cygnus Loop supernova remnant (SNR) conducted by the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST). FAST observations provide high angular resolution and high sensitivity images of the SNR, which will help to disentangle its nature. We obtained Stokes I, Q and U maps over the frequency range of 1.03 - 1.46 GHz split into channels of 7.63 kHz. The original angular resolution is in the range of ~3 arcmin - ~3.8 arcmin, and we combined all the data at a common resolution of 4 arcmin. The temperature scale of the total intensity and the spectral index from the in-band temperature-temperature plot are consistent with previous observations, which validates the data calibration and map-making procedures. The rms sensitivity for the band-averaged total-intensity map is about 20 mK in brightness temperature, which is at the level of confusion limit. For the first time, we apply rotation measure (RM) synthesis to the Cygnus Loop to obtain the polarization intensity and RM maps. The rms sensitivity for polarization is about 5 mK, far below the total-intensity confusion limit. We also obtained RMs of eight extra-galactic sources, and demonstrate that the wide-band frequency coverage helps to overcome the ambiguity of RM determinations.

  • Revisiting Pulsar Velocities Using Gaia Data Release 2

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: Precise measurements of neutron star (NS) velocities provide critical clues to the supernova physics and evolution of binary systems. Based on Gaia Data Release 2 (DR2), we selected a sample of 24 young (<3 Myr) pulsars with precise parallax measurements and measured the velocity of their local standard of rest (LSR) and the velocity dispersion among their respective local stellar groups. The median velocity difference between thus calculated LSRs and the Galactic rotation model is ~7.6km/s, small compared to the typical velocity dispersion of ~27.5km/s. For pulsars off the Galactic plane, such differences grow significantly to as large as ~40 km/s. More importantly, the velocity dispersion of stars in the local group of low-velocity pulsars can be comparable to their transverse velocities, suggesting that the intrinsic velocities of NS progenitors should be taken into account when we consider their natal kicks and binary evolution. We also examined the double NS systems J0737- 3039A/B, and measured its transverse velocity to be 26(+18, -13) km/s assuming nearby Gaia sources being representative of its birth environment. This work demonstrated the feasibility and importance of using Gaia data to study the velocity of individual systems and velocity distribution of NSs.

  • Chemical variations across the TMC-1 boundary: molecular tracers from translucent phase to dense phase

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We investigated the chemical evolutions of gas phase and grain surface species across the Taurus molecular cloud-1 (TMC-1) filament from translucent phase to dense phase. By comparing observations with modeling results from an up-to-date chemical network, we examined the conversion processes for the carbon-, oxygen-, nitrogen- and sulfur-bearing species, i.e.from their initial atomic form to their main molecular reservoir form both in the gas phase and on the grain surface. The conversion processes were found to depend on the species and A$_V$. The effect of initial carbon to oxygen elemental abundances ratio (C/O) by varying O on the chemistry was explored, and an initial carbon elemental abundance of 2.5 $\times$ 10$^{-4}$ and a C/O ratio of 0.5 could best reproduce the abundances of most observed molecules at TMC-1 CP, where more than 90 molecules have been identified. Based on the TMC-1 condition, we predicted a varied grain ice composition during the evolutions of molecular clouds, with H$_2$O ice as the dominant ice composition at A$_V$ $>$ 4 mag, CO$_2$ ice as the dominant ice composition at A$_V$ $<$ 4 mag, while CO ice severely decreased at A$_V$ around 4--5 mag.

  • Optimized thermoelectric properties of AgSbTe2 through adjustment of fabrication parameters

    分类: 物理学 >> 交叉学科物理及相关领域的科学与技术 提交时间: 2018-03-30

    摘要: AgSbTe2 bulk sample is obtained by hot-pressing under different fabrication parameters, and their thermoelectric properties are investigated in the temperature range of 300-550K. The highest ZT=0.86 is achieved at 475K for the sample hot-pressed at 423K and 500MPa due to the lower thermal conductivity and higher power factor. The results indicate that the optimized thermoelectric properties can be obtained for AgSbTe2 compound at the sintering temperature of 423K under the pressure of 500MPa.

  • Enhanced thermoelectric performance of CuGaTe2 based composites incorporated with graphite nanosheets

    分类: 物理学 >> 交叉学科物理及相关领域的科学与技术 提交时间: 2018-03-30

    摘要: CuGaTe2 based composites incorporated with graphite nanosheets(GNs) CuGaTe2/x G (G=GNs, 0x3.04 vol.%) were prepared, and the thermoelectric properties of the composites were studied from 300 to 875 K. The results show that the incorporation of GNs into the CuGaTe2 matrix can enhance the Seebeck coefficient and power factor over the whole temperature range investigated due to energy filtering effects, and the reduction of thermal conductivity below 750K owing to interface scattering. Although the resistivity increases, energy filtering significantly raises the Seebeck component, and the overall effect on power factor is positive. The sample with 2.28 vol.% GNs had the largest ZT value, reaching 0.93 at 873K, which is a ~21% improvement on pure CuGaTe2.

  • Precise Measurements of CH Maser Emission and Its Abundance in Translucent Clouds

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We present high-sensitivity CH 9 cm ON/OFF observations toward 18 extra-galactic continuum sources that have been detected with OH 18 cm absorption in the Millennium survey with the Arecibo telescope. CH emission was detected toward six of eighteen sources. The excitation temperature of CH has been derived directly through analyzing all detected ON and OFF velocity components. The excitation temperature of CH 3335 MHz transition ranges from $-54.5$ to $-0.4$ K and roughly follows a log-normal distribution peaking within [$-$5, 0] K, which implies overestimation by 20% to more than ten times during calculating CH column density by assuming the conventional value of $-60$ or $-10$ K. Furthermore, the column density of CH would be underestimated by a factor of $1.32\pm 0.03$ when adopting local thermal equilibrium (LTE) assumption instead of using the CH three hyperfine transitions. We found a correlation between the column density of CH and OH following log$N$(CH) = (1.80$\pm$ 0.49) log$N$(OH) $-11.59 \pm 6.87$. The linear correlation between the column density of CH and H$_2$ is consistent with that derived from visible wavelengths studies, confirming that CH is one of the best tracers of H$_2$ component in diffuse molecular gas.

  • Enhanced thermoelectric performance of CuGaTe2 by Gd-doping and Te incorporation

    分类: 物理学 >> 交叉学科物理及相关领域的科学与技术 提交时间: 2018-03-30

    摘要: Gd-doped compounds CuGa1-xGdxTe2 (0x0.02) incorporated with tellurium nanoparticles are synthesized by fusion method. Their thermoelectric properties are investigated in the temperature range of 300-800K. The results indicate that the synergistic effect of Gd-doping and Te incorporation remarkably enhances the thermoelectric performance of CuGaTe2. Specially, the thermal conductivity  of the specimen CuGa0.98Gd0.02Te2/0.7vol.%Te reduces to 0.45 Wm-1K-1 at 684K, which is ~74% smaller than that of pure CuGaTe2 (=1.76 Wm-1K-1 at 684K) due to the incorporation of nanostructure Te. The thermoelectric figure of merit value (ZT) reaches 0.75 at 737K for the specimen CuGa0.99Gd0.01Te2/0.7vol.%Te, which is ~115% larger than that of pure CuGaTe2.

  • Fast radio bursts generated by coherent curvature radiation from compressed bunches for FRB 20190520B

    分类: 天文学 >> 天体物理学 分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-08-31

    摘要: The radiation mechanism of fast radio bursts (FRBs) has been extensively studied but still remains elusive. Coherent radiation is identified as a crucial component in the FRB mechanism, with charged bunches also playing a significant role under specific circumstances. In the present research, we propose a phenomenological model that draws upon the coherent curvature radiation framework and the magnetized neutron star, taking into account the kinetic energy losses of outflow particles due to inverse Compton scattering (ICS) induced by soft photons within the magnetosphere. By integrating the ICS deceleration mechanism for particles, we hypothesize a potential compression effect on the particle number density within a magnetic tube/family, which could facilitate achieving the necessary size for coherent radiation in the radial direction. This mechanism might potentially enable the dynamic formation of bunches capable of emitting coherent curvature radiation along the curved magnetic field. Moreover, we examine the formation of bunches from an energy perspective. Our discussion suggests that within the given parameter space the formation of bunches is feasible. Finally, we apply this model to FRB 20190520B, one of the most active repeating FRBs discovered and monitored by FAST. Several observed phenomena are explained, including basic characteristics, frequency downward drifting, and bright spots within certain dynamic spectral ranges.

  • An Early Transition to Magnetic Supercriticality in Star Formation

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: Magnetic fields play an important role in the evolution of interstellar medium and star formation. As the only direct probe of interstellar field strength, credible Zeeman measurements remain sparse due to the lack of suitable Zeeman probes, particularly for cold, molecular gas. Here we report the detection of a magnetic field of $+$3.8 $\pm$ 0.3 $\mu$G through the HI narrow self-absorption (HINSA) toward L1544, a well-studied prototypical prestellar core in an early transition between starless and protostellar phases characterized by high central number density and low central temperature. A combined analysis of the Zeeman measurements of quasar HI absorption, HI emission, OH emission, and HINSA reveals a coherent magnetic field from the atomic cold neutral medium (CNM) to the molecular envelope. The molecular envelope traced by HINSA is found to be magnetically supercritical, with a field strength comparable to that of the surrounding diffuse, magnetically subcritical CNM despite a large increase in density. The reduction of the magnetic flux relative to the mass, necessary for star formation, thus seems to have already happened during the transition from the diffuse CNM to the molecular gas traced by HINSA, earlier than envisioned in the classical picture where magnetically supercritical cores capable of collapsing into stars form out of magnetically subcritical envelopes.

  • Abundance ratios of OH/CO and HCO+/CO as probes of the cosmic ray ionization rate in diffuse clouds

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: The cosmic-ray ionization rate (CRIR, $\zeta_2$) is one of the key parameters controlling the formation and destruction of various molecules in molecular clouds. However, the current most commonly used CRIR tracers, such as H$_3^+$, OH$^+$, and H$_2$O$^+$, are hard to detect and require the presence of background massive stars for absorption measurements. In this work, we propose an alternative method to infer the CRIR in diffuse clouds using the abundance ratios of OH/CO and HCO$^+$/CO. We have analyzed the response of chemical abundances of CO, OH, and HCO$^+$ on various environmental parameters of the interstellar medium in diffuse clouds and found that their abundances are proportional to $\zeta_2$. Our analytic expressions give an excellent calculation of the abundance of OH for $\zeta_2$ $\leq$10$^{-15}$ s$^{-1}$, which are potentially useful for modelling chemistry in hydrodynamical simulations. The abundances of OH and HCO$^+$ were found to monotonically decrease with increasing density, while the CO abundance shows the opposite trend. With high-sensitivity absorption transitions of both CO (1--0) and (2--1) lines from ALMA, we have derived the H$_2$ number densities ($n_{\rm H_2}$) toward 4 line-of-sights (LOSs); assuming a kinetic temperature of $T_{\rm k}=50\,{\rm K}$, we find a range of (0.14$\pm$0.03--1.2$\pm$0.1)$\times$10$^2$ cm$^{-3}$}. By comparing the observed and modelled HCO$^+$/CO ratios, we find that $\zeta_2$ in our diffuse gas sample is in the { range of $1.0_{-1.0}^{+14.8}$ $\times$10$^{-16}- 2.5_{-2.4}^{+1.4}$ $\times$10$^{-15}$ s$^{-1}$. This is $\sim$2 times higher than the average value measured at higher extinction, supporting an attenuation of CRs as suggested by theoretical models.

  • Discovery of a New Molecular Bubble-Outflow Structure in the Taurus B18 Cloud

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: Star formation can produce bubbles and outflows, as a result of stellar feedback. Outflows and bubbles inject momentum and energy into the surrounding interstellar medium, and so are related to the overall energy balance of the molecular cloud. Molecular bubbles can be resolved by higher-resolution radio telescopes to quantify the effect of star formation on molecular clouds. We report here the identification of a new molecular bubble with an outflow, and an Herbig Haro object, HH319, located at the bubble center. Multi-wavelength data have been utilized to study its spatial structure, energy injection, and dynamical timescale. This bubble has a kinetic energy of $\rm 5.8 \times 10^{43}$ erg within the smallest radius of a bubble in Taurus, 0.077 pc. The bubble formed $\sim$70,000 years ago. According to the proper motion velocities of protostars from $Gaia$ EDR3, the T Tauri binary stars (FY Tau and FZ Tau) at the southwest edge of the bubble may have produced the outflow-bubble structure. This is an unusual new structure found in low- and intermediate-mass star formation regions. Only a bubble in Orion A, driven by V380 Ori, has a similar structure. The bubble-outflow structure provides additional observational evidence for the theory of stellar wind from T Tauri stars. It enhances our understanding of how stellar feedback acts on molecular clouds.

  • Abundance ratios of OH/CO and HCO+/CO as probes of the cosmic ray ionization rate in diffuse clouds

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: The cosmic-ray ionization rate (CRIR, $\zeta_2$) is one of the key parameters controlling the formation and destruction of various molecules in molecular clouds. However, the current most commonly used CRIR tracers, such as H$_3^+$, OH$^+$, and H$_2$O$^+$, are hard to detect and require the presence of background massive stars for absorption measurements. In this work, we propose an alternative method to infer the CRIR in diffuse clouds using the abundance ratios of OH/CO and HCO$^+$/CO. We have analyzed the response of chemical abundances of CO, OH, and HCO$^+$ on various environmental parameters of the interstellar medium in diffuse clouds and found that their abundances are proportional to $\zeta_2$. Our analytic expressions give an excellent calculation of the abundance of OH for $\zeta_2$ $\leq$10$^{-15}$ s$^{-1}$, which are potentially useful for modelling chemistry in hydrodynamical simulations. The abundances of OH and HCO$^+$ were found to monotonically decrease with increasing density, while the CO abundance shows the opposite trend. With high-sensitivity absorption transitions of both CO (1--0) and (2--1) lines from ALMA, we have derived the H$_2$ number densities ($n_{\rm H_2}$) toward 4 line-of-sights (LOSs); assuming a kinetic temperature of $T_{\rm k}=50\,{\rm K}$, we find a range of (0.14$\pm$0.03--1.2$\pm$0.1)$\times$10$^2$ cm$^{-3}$}. By comparing the observed and modelled HCO$^+$/CO ratios, we find that $\zeta_2$ in our diffuse gas sample is in the { range of $1.0_{-1.0}^{+14.8}$ $\times$10$^{-16}- 2.5_{-2.4}^{+1.4}$ $\times$10$^{-15}$ s$^{-1}$. This is $\sim$2 times higher than the average value measured at higher extinction, supporting an attenuation of CRs as suggested by theoretical models.

  • The Distribution of UV Radiation Field in the Molecular Clouds of Gould Belt

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: The distribution of ultraviolet (UV) radiation field provides critical constraints on the physical environments of molecular clouds. Within 1 kpc of our solar system and fostering protostars of different masses, the giant molecular clouds in the Gould Belt present an excellent opportunity to resolve the UV field structure in star forming regions. We performed spectral energy distribution (SED) fitting of the archival data from the Herschel Gould Belt Survey (HGBS). Dust radiative transfer analysis with the DUSTY code were applied to 23 regions in 14 molecular complexes of the Gould Belt, resulting in the spatial distribution of radiation field in these regions. For 10 of 15 regions with independent measurements of star formation rate, their star formation rate and UV radiation intensity largely conform to a linear correlation found in previous studies.

  • FAST Globular Cluster Pulsar Survey: Twenty-Four Pulsars Discovered in Fifteen Globular Clusters

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We present the discovery of 24 pulsars in 15 Globular Clusters (GCs) using the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST). These include the first pulsar discoveries in M2, M10, and M14. Most of the new systems are either confirmed or likely members of binary systems. M53C, NGC6517H and I are the only three pulsars confirmed to be isolated. M14A is a black widow pulsar with an orbital period of 5.5 hours and a minimum companion mass of 0.016 \Ms. M14E is an eclipsing binary pulsar with an orbital period of 20.3 hours. With the other 8 discoveries that have been reported elsewhere, in total 32 GC pulsars have been discovered by FAST so far. In addition, We detected M3A twice. This was enough to determine that it is a black widow pulsar with an orbital period of 3.3 hours and a minimum companion mass of 0.0125 \Ms.

  • A GPU based single-pulse search pipeline (GSP) with database and its application to the commensal radio astronomy FAST survey (CRAFTS)

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2023-02-19

    摘要: We developed a GPU based single-pulse search pipeline (GSP) with candidate-archiving database. Largely based upon the infrastructure of Open source pulsar search and analysis toolkit (PRESTO), GSP implements GPU acceleration of the de-dispersion and integrates a candidate-archiving database. We applied GSP to the data streams from the commensal radio astronomy FAST survey (CRAFTS), which resulted in a quasi-real-time processing. The integrated candidate database facilitates synergistic usage of multiple machine-learning tools and thus improves efficient identification of radio pulsars such as rotating radio transients (RRATs) and Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs). We first tested GSP on pilot CRAFTS observations with the FAST Ultra-Wide Band (UWB) receiver. GSP detected all pulsars known from the the Parkes multibeam pulsar survey in the respective sky area covered by the FAST-UWB. GSP also discovered 13 new pulsars. We measured the computational efficiency of GSP to be ~120 times faster than the original PRESTO and ~60 times faster than a MPI-parallelized version of PRESTO.

  • Wide-bandwidth drift-scan pulsar surveys of globular clusters: application to early science observations with FAST

    分类: 天文学 >> 天文学 提交时间: 2016-05-23

    摘要: The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) will begin its early-science operations during 2016. Drift-scan pulsar surveys will be carried out during this period using an ultra-wide-band receiver system (covering ∼ 270 to 1620 MHz). We describe a method for accounting for the changes in the telescope beam shape and the pulsar parameters when searching for pulsars over such a wide bandwidth. We applied this method to simulated data sets of pulsars in globular clusters that are visible to FAST and found that a representative observation would have a sensitivity of ∼ 40 µJy. Our results showed that a single drift-scan (lasting less than a minute) is likely to find at least one pulsar for observations of four globular clusters. Repeated observations will increase the likely number of detections. We found that pulsars in ∼16 clusters are likely to be found if the data from 100 drift-scan observations of each cluster are incoherently combined.