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Review of artificial intelligence applications in astronomical data processing

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Abstract: Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an interdisciplinary research field with widespread applications. It aims at developing theoretical, methodological, technological, and applied systems that simulate, enhance, and assist human intelligence. Recently, notable accomplishments of artificial intelligence technology have been achieved in astronomical data processing, establishing this technology as central to numerous astronomical research areas such as radio astronomy, stellar and galactic (Milky Way) studies, exoplanets surveys, cosmology, and solar physics. This article systematically reviews representative applications of artificial intelligence technology to astronomical data processing, with comprehensive description of specific cases: pulsar candidate identification, fast radio burst detection, gravitational wave detection, spectral classification, and radio frequency interference mitigation. Furthermore, it discusses possible future applications to provide perspectives for astronomical research in the artificial intelligence era.

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[V1] 2024-02-07 13:40:37 ChinaXiv:202402.00162V1 下载全文
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