Development and Preliminary Exploration of Chinese Word Remote Associates Test
Abstract: Remote associates test(RAT) and its variant Compound RAT(CRAT) are the most commonly used experimental materials to reveal the neural mechanism of convergentthinking and insight, as well as to measure individual creative potential.Compared with CRAT, RAT is more suitable for cross-cultural research. However, at present, there is a lack of equivalent Chinese RATmaterials.Based on the classical hierarchical theory of association and the association characteristics in Chinese context, 80 items of Chinese word RAT (CWRAT) were developed.In addition, gradient scoring models were employed to assess responses.A Latent Class Analysis (LCA) was conducted on the 80 items using the associative way as the classification indicator. The aim was to explore the impact of the classification results on various indicators of the items, such as insight level. Validity test showed that CWRAT was significantly correlated with creative analogy, creative achievement and openness.Based on the statistical indicators from LCA, CWRAT was classified into three categories, and found that the C1 and C3, characterized by a high probability of symbolic/metaphorical ways, exhibited higher levels of insight compared to the C2, which was characterized by a high probability of feature-based ways. Additionally, the C2 showed higher pass rate compared to the C3 and lower reaction time.This measurement enriches the existing Chinese creativity measurement tools and provides new materials for cross-cultural comparison of creativity.