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多元宇宙样分析:简介及应用

Multiverse-style analysis: Introduction and application

摘要:选择性分析和报告是造成心理科学研究可重复性危机的一个重要因素。近年来研究者提出用多元宇宙样分析的方法,囊括多种数据分析策略,减少分析过程中的主观选择性和随意性,并进行稳健性检验以提高结果的可靠性。以手机使用与手机压力的关系为例,介绍该方法和操作步骤。该方法已在心理学和认知神经科学等领域得到一定的应用。未来研究应继续发展和完善该方法的统计推断,使之运用到更多的数据类型和更广的研究领域中

英文摘要:Selective analysis and selective report are one of the main triggers of the replicability crisis in psychological science. In recent years, researchers have proposed a new methodmultiverse-style analysis, which includes multiple data analytic decisions to reduce the subjective selectiveness and arbitrariness and performs robustness to increase the reliability of results. This manuscript introduces the multiverse-style analysis and related steps by using the example of exploring the relationship between smartphone use and smartphone stress. The multiverse-style analysis method has been applied in fields such as psychology and cognitive neuroscience. Future research should continue to develop and improve the statistic inference of multiverse-style analysis, so that it can be applied to more sorts of data and broader research fields.

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[V1] 2022-07-09 19:34:56 chinaXiv:202207.00082V1 下载全文
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