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动作视频游戏专业玩家的认知神经特征

Cognitive neural characteristics of professional action video game players

摘要:动作视频游戏是电子竞技中受众最广、心智挑战最高的游戏项目之一。目前对动作视频游戏专业玩家的能力特征了解尚不清晰。以职业选手和排名较高的玩家为对象,横断研究发现动作视频游戏专业玩家具有更快的注意选择、更稳定的持续注意、更好的注意瞬脱表现、更高的多目标追踪能力和工作记忆容量。专业玩家更好的注意表现主要与更高的P3波幅有关,工作记忆表现与背外侧前额叶和右后顶叶等可塑性变化有关。此外,专业玩家还存在中央执行网络与多个脑网络间的功能连接增强。目前游戏训练对认知的促进程度尚不足以弥补专业玩家和新手的认知差距。基础的认知能力对玩家游戏表现的预测有限。未来可扩展更高级的游戏决策,游戏组块或游戏模式的认知研究。

英文摘要:Action video games are probably one of the most popular and mentally challenging gamesin e-sports.The skill profile of AVG's professional players is unclear.Targeting professional players and higher-ranked players,professional action video game players had faster selective attention, better sustained attention and multiple-object tracking performance. Professional players also had better working memory capacity. In particular, the spatial working memory capacity advantage was prominent. In addition, the professionals were less susceptible to the attentional blink effect. The better attentional performance of the professionals may be related to the higher P3 amplitude. The working memory capacity of the professionalswas associated with plastic changes in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortexandright posterior parietal cortex. Professionalsalso hadenhanced inte-rnetworkfunctional connectivity betweencentral executive networkandothernetworks.The degreeof cognitive promotion from game trainingis not enough to bridge the cognitive gap between professionalsand novices. Basic cognitive abilities hadlimited predictions of game performance.In the future, we can extend the cognitive studies of the decision-making, chunking or patterns recognizing based on the spatial location of game characters.

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[V2] 2022-08-08 17:42:31 chinaXiv:202207.00037V2 下载全文
[V1] 2022-07-05 18:03:49 chinaXiv:202207.00037v1 查看此版本 下载全文
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