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促进还是阻碍:调节定向对不同社会阶层亲社会行为的影响

Submit Time: 2022-06-14
Author: 马欣然 1 ; 廖江群 1 ;
Institute: 1.清华大学心理系 北京 100048;

Abstracts

近来研究表明应该在一定的边界条件下理解理解社会阶层与亲社会行为间的复杂关系。通过四个实验,我们引入调节定向考察了社会阶层如何影响亲社会行为。研究发现,社会阶层本身对亲社会行为的影响比较有限,但相比于较高社会阶层的个体,较低阶层个体的亲社会行为更容易受调节定向的影响(研究1、2a和2b)。而这种不对称的敏感性导致了不同阶层间在亲社会性的差异,尤其是对于持有可提升亲社会性的调节定向的人群(研究2a和2b)。此外,还发现调节定向对亲社会行为影响的框架依赖效应。在正性框架中,促进定向会增加亲社会性,而在负性框架中则会减少亲社会性,而预防定向则相反(研究1-3)。这一现象可以用决策时的安于现状策略来解释(研究3)。这些结果进一步揭示了社会阶层、调节定向和亲社会行为之间的联系。

[英文摘要]"Recent studies suggest the puzzling relationship between social class and prosocial behavior should be understood with boundary conditions. Across four studies, we draw on regulatory focus to examine how social class affects prosocial behavior. We found that social class itself has a limited effect on prosocial behavior, however, lower-class individuals are more sensitive to the change of prosociality brought by regulatory focus than their higher-class counterparts (Study 1, 2a & 2b). And this asymmetric sensitivity leads to the between-class discrepancy in prosociality, especially for individuals with regulatory focus raising prosociality (Study 2a & 2b). Moreover, a framingdependent effect of regulatory focus on prosociality is found. Promotion focus increases prosociality in the positive frame and decreases prosociality in the negative frame, while prevention focus behaves reversely (Study 1-3). And this effect is partially explained by status quo strategy in goal pursuit (Study 3).These results shed light on the links among social class, regulatory focus and prosocial behavior.

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From: 廖江群
DOI:10.12074/202206.00148
Recommended references: 马欣然,廖江群.(2022).促进还是阻碍:调节定向对不同社会阶层亲社会行为的影响.[ChinaXiv:202206.00148] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2022-06-14 23:54:42 chinaXiv:202206.00148V1 Download
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