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Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

After the discovery of a standard model (SM)-like Higgs boson, naturalness strongly favors the next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM. In this letter, we point out that the natural next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM usually predicts the following CP-even Higgs H-i sector: (A) H-2 is the SM-like Higgs boson with mass pushed upward by a lighter H-1 with mass overwhelmingly within [m(H2)/2, m(H2)]; (B) m(H3) similar or equal to 2 mu/sin 2 beta greater than or similar to 300 GeV; (C) H-3 has a significant coupling to the top quark and can decay to H1H2 with a large branching ratio. Using a jet substructure we show that these three Higgs bosons can be discovered via gg -> H-3 -> H1H2 -> b (b) over barl nu jj at the 14 TeV LHC. In particular, the LEP-LHC scenario with H-1 similar or equal to 98 GeV has a very good discovery potential. |

New insights in the electroweak phase transition in the NMSSM

Huang, Weicong; Kang, Zhaofeng; Shu, Jing; Wu, Peiwen; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We perform a detailed semianalytical analysis of the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) property in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric standard model, which serves as a good benchmark model in which the 126 GeV Higgs mixes with a singlet. In this case, a strongly first-order electroweak phase transition (SFOEWPT) is achieved by the tree-level effects, and the phase transition strength gamma(c) is determined by the vacua energy gap at T = 0. We make an anatomy of the energy gap at both tree level and loop level and extract out a dimensionless phase transition parameter R-kappa equivalent to 4 kappa v(s)/A(kappa), which can replace A(kappa) in the parameterization and affect the light CP-odd/even Higgs spectra. We find that SFOEWPT only occurs in R-kappa similar to -1 and positive R-kappa less than or similar to O(10), which in the non-PQ limit case would prefer either a relatively light CP-odd or CP-even Higgs boson similar to(60, 100) GeV, and therefore serves as a smoking gun signal and requires new search strategies at the LHC. |

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2016-06-27
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Higgs decay to dark matter in low energy SUSY: is it detectable at the LHC?

Cao, Junjie; Heng, Zhaoxia; Yang, Jin Min; Zhu, JingyaSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Due to the limited statistics so far accumulated in the Higgs boson search at the LHC, the Higgs boson property has not yet been tightly constrained and it is still allowed for the Higgs boson to decay invisibly to dark matter with a sizable branching ratio. In this work, we perform a comparative study for the Higgs decay to neutralino dark matter by considering three different low energy SUSY models: the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard models (NMSSM) and the nearly minimal supersymmetric standard model (nMSSM). Under current experimental constraints at 2 sigma level (including the muon g - 2 and the dark matter relic density), we scan over the parameter space of each model. Then in the allowed parameter space we calculate the branching ratio of the SM-like Higgs decay to neutralino dark matter and examine its observability at the LHC by considering three production channels: the weak boson fusion VV -> h, the associated production with a Z-boson pp -> hZ + X or a pair of top quarks pp -> ht (t) over bar + X. We find that in the MSSM such a decay is far below the detectable level; while in both the NMSSM and nMSSM the decay branching ratio can be large enough to be observable at the LHC. We conclude that at the LHC the interplay of detecting such an invisible decay and the visible di-photon decay may allow for a discrimination of different SUSY models. |

Status of low energy SUSY models confronted with the LHC 125 GeV Higgs data

Cao, Junjie; Heng, Zhaoxia; Yang, Jin Min; Zhu, JingyaSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Confronted with the LHC data of a Higgs boson around 125 GeV, different models of low energy SUSY show different behaviors: some are favored, some are marginally survived and some are strongly disfavored or excluded. In this note we update our previous scan over the parameter space of various low energy SUSY models by considering the latest experimental limits like the LHCb data for B-s -> mu(+)mu(-) and the XENON 100 (2012) data for dark matter-nucleon scattering. Then we confront the predicted properties of the SM-like Higgs boson in each model with the combined 7 TeV and 8 TeV Higgs search data of the LHC. For a SM-like Higgs boson around 125 GeV, we have the following observations: (i) The most favored model is the NMSSM, whose predictions about the Higgs boson can naturally (without any fine tuning) agree with the experimental data at 1 sigma level, better than the SM; (ii) The MSSM can fit the LHC data quite well but suffer from some extent of fine tuning; (iii) The nMSSM is excluded at 3 sigma level after considering all the available Higgs data; (iv) The CMSSM is quite disfavored since it is hard to give a 125 GeV Higgs boson mass and at the same time cannot enhance the di-photon signal rate. |

Probing natural SUSY from stop pair production at the LHC

Cao, Junjie; Han, Chengcheng; Wu, Lei; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, YangSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We consider the natural supersymmetry scenario in the framework of the R-parity conserving minimal supersymmetric standard model (called natural MSSM) and examine the observability of stop pair production at the LHC. We first scan the parameters of this scenario under various experimental constraints, including the SM-like Higgs boson mass, the indirect limits from precision electroweak data and B-decays. Then in the allowed parameter space we study the stop pair production at the LHC followed by the stop decay into a top quark plus a lightest neutralino or into a bottom quark plus a chargino. From detailed Monte Carlo simulations of the signals and backgrounds, we find the two decay modes are complementary to each other in probing the stop pair production, and the LHC with root s = 14 TeV and 100 fb(-1) luminosity is capable of discovering the stop predicted in natural MSSM up to 450 GeV. If no excess events were observed at the LHC, the 95% C.L. exclusion limits of the stop masses can reach around 537 GeV. |

Pair production of a 125 GeV Higgs boson in MSSM and NMSSM at the LHC

Cao, Junjie; Heng, Zhaoxia; Shang, Liangliang; Wan, Peihua; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In light of the recent LHC Higgs search data, we investigate the pair production of a SM-like Higgs boson around 125 GeV in the MSSM and NMSSM. We first scan the parameter space of each model by considering various experimental constraints, and then calculate the Higgs pair production rate in the allowed parameter space. We find that in most cases the dominant contribution to the Higgs pair production comes from the gluon fusion process and the production rate can be greatly enhanced, maximally 10 times larger than the SM prediction (even for a TeV-scale stop the production rate can still be enhanced by a factor of 1.3). We also calculate the chi(2) value with the current Higgs data and find that in the most favored parameter region the production rate is enhanced by a factor of 1.45 in the MSSM, while in the NMSSM the production rate can be enhanced or suppressed (sigma(SUSY)/sigma(SM) varies from 0.7 to 2.4). |

The SM extension with color-octet scalars: diphoton enhancement and global fit of LHC Higgs data

Cao, Junjie; Wan, Peihua; Yang, Jin Min; Zhu, JingyaSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In light of the significant progress of the LHC to determine the properties of the Higgs boson, we investigate the capability of the Manohar-Wise model in explaining the Higgs data. This model extends the SM by one family of color-octet and isospin-doublet scalars, and it can sizably alter the coupling strengths of the Higgs boson with gluons and photons. We first examine the current constraints on the model, which are from unitarity, the LHC searches for the scalars and the electroweak precision data (EWPD). In implementing the unitarity constraint, we use the properties of the SU(3) group to simplify the calculation. Then in the allowed parameter space we perform a fit of the model, using the latest ATLAS and CMS data, respectively. We find that the Manohar-Wise model is able to explain the data with chi(2) significantly smaller than the SM value. We also find that the current Higgs data, especially the ATLAS data, are very powerful in further constraining the parameter space of the model. In particular, in order to explain the gamma gamma enhancement reported by the ATLAS collaboration, the sign of the hgg coupling is usually opposite to that in the SM. |

A light SUSY dark matter after CDMS-II, LUX and LHC Higgs data

Cao, Junjie; Han, Chengcheng; Wu, Lei; Wu, Peiwen; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In SUSY, a light dark matter is usually accompanied by light scalars to achieve the correct relic density, which opens new decay channels of the SM-like Higgs boson. Under current experimental constraints including the latest LHC Higgs data and the dark matter relic density, we examine the status of a light neutralino dark matter in the framework of NMSSM and confront it with the direct detection results of CoGeNT, CDMS-II and LUX. We have the following observations: (i) A dark matter as light as 8 GeV is still allowed and its scattering cross section off the nucleon can be large enough to explain the CoGeNT/CDMS-II favored region; (ii) The LUX data can exclude a sizable part of the allowed parameter space, but still leaves a light dark matter viable; (iii) The SM-like Higgs boson can decay into the light dark matter pair with an invisible branching ratio reaching 30% under the current LHC Higgs data, which may be tested at the 14 TeV LHC experiment. |

SUSY induced top quark FCNC decay t -> ch after Run I of LHC

Cao, Junjie; Han, Chengcheng; Wu, Lei; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, MengchaoSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In light of the Higgs discovery and the nonobservation of sparticles at the LHC, we revisit the supersymmetric theory (SUSY) induced top quark flavor-changing decay into the Higgs boson. We perform a scan over the relevant SUSY parameter space by considering the constraints from the Higgs mass measurement, the LHC search for SUSY, the vacuum stability, the precision electroweak observables as well as B -> X-s gamma. We make the following observations: (1) In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), the branching ratio of t -> ch can only reach 3.0 x 10(-6), which is about one order smaller than previous results obtained before the advent of the LHC. Among the considered constraints, the Higgs mass and the LHC search for sparticles are found to play an important role in limiting the prediction. (2) In the singlet extension of the MSSM, since the squark sector is less constrained by the Higgs mass, the branching ratio of t -> ch can reach the order of 10(-5) in the allowed parameter space. (3) The chiral-conserving mixings delta(LL) and delta(RR) may have remanent effects on t -> ch in the heavy SUSY limit. In the MSSM with squarks above 3 TeV and gluino above 4 TeV and meanwhile the CP-odd Higgs boson mass around 1 TeV, the branching ratio of t -> ch can still reach the order of 10(-8) under the constraints. |

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