All Results

New insights in the electroweak phase transition in the NMSSM

Huang, Weicong; Kang, Zhaofeng; Shu, Jing; Wu, Peiwen; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We perform a detailed semianalytical analysis of the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) property in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric standard model, which serves as a good benchmark model in which the 126 GeV Higgs mixes with a singlet. In this case, a strongly first-order electroweak phase transition (SFOEWPT) is achieved by the tree-level effects, and the phase transition strength gamma(c) is determined by the vacua energy gap at T = 0. We make an anatomy of the energy gap at both tree level and loop level and extract out a dimensionless phase transition parameter R-kappa equivalent to 4 kappa v(s)/A(kappa), which can replace A(kappa) in the parameterization and affect the light CP-odd/even Higgs spectra. We find that SFOEWPT only occurs in R-kappa similar to -1 and positive R-kappa less than or similar to O(10), which in the non-PQ limit case would prefer either a relatively light CP-odd or CP-even Higgs boson similar to(60, 100) GeV, and therefore serves as a smoking gun signal and requires new search strategies at the LHC. |

Higgs-pair production and decay in simplest little Higgs model

Han, Xiao-Fang; Wang, Lei; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In the framework of the simplest little Higgs model (SLHM), we study the production of a pair of neutral CP-even Higgs bosons at the LHC. First, we examine the production rate and find that it can be significantly larger than the SM prediction. Then we investigate the decays of the Higgs-pair and find that for a low Higgs mass their dominant decay mode is hh -> eta eta eta eta (eta is a CP-odd scalar) while hh -> b (b) over bar eta eta and hh -> eta eta WW may also have sizable ratios. Finally, we comparatively study the rates of pp -> hh -> b (b) over bar tau(+)tau(-), pp -> hh -> b (b) over bar gamma gamma, and pp -> hh -> WWWW in the SLHM and the littlest Higgs models (LHT). We find that for a light Higgs, compared with the SM predictions, all the three rates can be sizably enhanced in the LHT but severely suppressed in the SLHM; while for an intermediately heavy Higgs, both the LHT and SLHM can enhance sizably the SM predictions. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. |

Top-quark FCNC productions at CERN LHC in topcolor-assisted technicolor model

Cao, Junjie; Liu, Guoli; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, HuanjunSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We evaluate the top-quark FCNC productions induced by the topcolor-assisted technicolor (TC2) model at the LHC. These productions proceed, respectively, through the parton-level processes gg -> t (c) over bar, cg -> t, cg -> tg, cg -> tZ, and cg -> t gamma. We show the dependence of the production rates on the relevant TC2 parameters and compare the results with the predictions in the minimal supersymmetric model. We find that for each channel the TC2 model allows for a much larger production rate than the supersymmetric model. All these rare productions in the TC2 model can be enhanced above the 3 sigma sensitivity of the LHC. Since in the minimal supersymmetric model only cg -> t is slightly larger than the corresponding LHC sensitivity, the observation of these processes will favor the TC2 model over the supersymmetric model. In case of unobservation, the LHC can set meaningful constraints on the TC2 parameters. |

Virtual effects of split-SUSY in Higgs productions at linear colliders

Wang, Fei; Wang, Wenyu; Xu, Fuqiang; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, HuanjunSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In split supersymmetry, gauginos and higgsinos are the only supersymmetric particles possibly accessible at foreseeable colliders like the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC). In order to account for the cosmic dark matter measured by WMAP, these gauginos and higgsinos are stringently constrained and could be explored at the colliders through their direct productions and/or virtual effects in some processes. The clean environment and high luminosity of the ILC render the virtual effects at percent level meaningful in unraveling the new physics effects. In this work we assume split supersymmetry and calculate the virtual effects of the WMAP-allowed gauginos and higgsinos in the Higgs productions e(+) e(-) -> Zh and e(+) e(-) ->nu(e)(nu) over bar (e)h through WW fusion at the ILC. We find that the production cross section of e+ e-. Zh can be altered by a few percent in some part of the WMAP-allowed parameter space, while the correction to the WW fusion process e(+) e(-) ->nu(e) (nu) over bar (e)h is below 1%. Such virtual effects are correlated with the cross sections of chargino pair productions and can offer complementary information in probing split supersymmetry at the colliders. |

Constraints on hybrid inflation from flat directions in supersymmetry

Xu, Fuqiang; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examine the constraints on F-term hybrid inflation by considering the flat directions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We find that some coupling terms between the flat direction fields and the field which dominates the energy density during inflation are quite dangerous and can cause the no-exit of hybrid inflation even if their coupling strength is suppressed by Planck scale. Such couplings must be forbidden by imposing some symmetry for a successful F-term hybrid inflation. At the same time, we find that in the D-term inflation these couplings can be avoided naturally. Further, given the tachyonic preheating, we discuss the feasibility of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis after the F-term and D-term inflations. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. |

Probing R-parity violating interactions from top-quark polarization at LHC

Li, Peiying; Lu, Gongru; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, HuanjunSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In the minimal supersymmetric standard model the R-parity violating interactions can induce anomalous top pair productions at the LHC through the t-channel process d(R)(R)((d) over bar) -> t(L)(L)((t) over bar) by exchanging a slepton or by the u-channel process d(R)(R)((d) over bar) -> t(R)(R)(<(t)over bar) exchanging a squark. Such top pair productions with a certain chirality cause top-quark polarization in the top pair events. We found that at the LHC, due to the large statistics, the statistical significance of the polarization observable, and thus the probing ability for the corresponding R-parity violating couplings, is much higher than at the Tevatron upgrade. |

Probing new physics from top quark FCNC process at LHC: A mini review

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Since the top quark FCNC processes are extremely supressed in the Standard Model (SM) but could be greatly enhanced in some new physics models, they could serve as a smoking gun for new physics hunting at the LHC. In this brief review we summarize the new physics predictions for various top quark FCNC processes at the LHC by focusing on two typical models: the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) and the topcolor-assisted technicol or (TC2) model. The conclusion is: (1) Both new physics models can greatly enhance the SM predictions by several orders; (2) The TC2 model allows for largest enhancement, and for each channel the maximal prediction is much larger than in the MSSM; (3) Compared with the 3 sigma sensitivity at the LHC, only a couple of channels are accessible for the MSSM while most channles are accesible for the TC2 model. |

R-b and R-l in MSSM without R-parity

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examined Zb (b) over bar and Zl (l) over bar couplings in the minimal supersymmetric model with explicit trilinear R-parity violating interactions. We found that the top quark couplings lambda (i3k)' and lambda (3j3)" can give sizable contributions through top quark loops. When deriving the bounds from R-b and R-l data, we also take into account the loop contributions of R-parity conserving interactions. The bounds from R-l are found to be stronger than those from R-b and serve as the hitherto strongest bounds for some couplings. |

R-b and R-l in MSSM without R-parity

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examined Zb (b) over bar and Zl (l) over bar couplings in the minimal supersymmetric model with explicit trilinear R-parity violating interactions. We found that the top quark couplings lambda (i3k)' and lambda (3j3)" can give sizable contributions through top quark loops. When deriving the bounds from R-b and R-l data, we also take into account the loop contributions of R-parity conserving interactions. The bounds from R-l are found to be stronger than those from R-b and serve as the hitherto strongest bounds for some couplings. |

Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

The left-right twin Higgs model predicts a light stable scalar (S) over cap, which is a candidate for WIMP dark matter. We study its scattering on nucleon and find that the cross section is below the CDMS II upper bound but can reach the SuperCDMS sensitivity. Then we study the Higgs phenomenology by paying special attention to the decay h -> (S) over cap(S) over cap which is strongly correlated with the dark matter scattering on nucleon. We find that such an invisible decay can be sizable, which can severely suppress the conventional decay modes like h -> VV(V = W, Z) and h -> b (b) over bar. On the other hand, compared to the SM prediction, the rates of Higgs boson productions at the LHC via gluon-gluon fusion, weak boson fusion or in association with top quark pairs are all reduced significantly, e. g., the gluon-gluon fusion channel can be suppressed by about 30%. |