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Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We list all possible dimension-six CP-conserving SUc(3)xSU(L)(2)xU(Y)(1)-invariant operators involving the third-family quarks which could be generated by new physics at a higher scale. Expressions for these operators after electroweak gauge symmetry breaking and the induced effective couplings Wt(b) over bar, Xb(b) over bar, and Xt(t) over bar (X = Z, gamma,g, H) are presented. Analytic expressions for the tree level contributions of all these operators to the observables R-b and A(FB)(b) at CERN LEP I, sigma(e(+)e(-) --> ) and A(FB)(b) at LEP II, sigma(e(+)e(-) --> --> |

Probing topcolor-assisted technicolor from like-sign top pair production at CERN LHC

Cao, JJ; Liu, GL; Yang, JMSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

The topcolor-assisted technicolor (TC2) theory predicts tree-level flavor-changing neutral-current (FCNC) top quark Yukawa couplings with top-pions. Such FCNC interactions will induce like-sign top quark pair productions at CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). While these rare productions are far below the observable level in the Standard Model and other popular new physics models such as the Minimal Supersymmetric Model, we find that in a sound part of parameter space the TC2 model can enhance the production cross sections to several tens of fb and thus may be observable at the LHC due to rather low backgrounds. Searching for these productions at the LHC will serve as an excellent probe for the TC2 model. |

R-b and R-l in MSSM without R-parity

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examined Zb (b) over bar and Zl (l) over bar couplings in the minimal supersymmetric model with explicit trilinear R-parity violating interactions. We found that the top quark couplings lambda (i3k)' and lambda (3j3)" can give sizable contributions through top quark loops. When deriving the bounds from R-b and R-l data, we also take into account the loop contributions of R-parity conserving interactions. The bounds from R-l are found to be stronger than those from R-b and serve as the hitherto strongest bounds for some couplings. |

R-b and R-l in MSSM without R-parity

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examined Zb (b) over bar and Zl (l) over bar couplings in the minimal supersymmetric model with explicit trilinear R-parity violating interactions. We found that the top quark couplings lambda (i3k)' and lambda (3j3)" can give sizable contributions through top quark loops. When deriving the bounds from R-b and R-l data, we also take into account the loop contributions of R-parity conserving interactions. The bounds from R-l are found to be stronger than those from R-b and serve as the hitherto strongest bounds for some couplings. |

Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

The top quark forward-backward asymmetry A(FB)(t) measured at the Tevatron is above the standard model prediction by more than 2 sigma deviation, which might be a harbinger for new physics. In this work we examine the contribution to A(FB)(t) in two different new physics models: one is the minimal supersymmetric model without R parity which contributes to A(FB)(t) via sparticle-mediated t channel process d (d) over bar -> t (t) over bar; the other is the third-generation enhanced left-right model which contributes to A(FB)(t) via Z'-mediated t channel or s channel processes. We find that in the parameter space allowed by the t (t) over bar production rate and the t (t) over bar invariant mass distribution at the Tevatron, the left-right model can enhance A(FB)(t) to within the 2 sigma region of the Tevatron data for the major part of the parameter space, and in optimal case A(FB)(t) can reach 12% which is slightly below the 1 sigma lower bound. For the minimal supersymmetric model without R parity, only in a narrow part of the parameter space can the lambda '' couplings enhance A(FB)(t) to within the 2 sigma region while the lambda' couplings just produce negative contributions to worsen the fit. |

Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examine various direct and indirect constraints on the lepton-specific two-Higgs-doublet model and scrutinize the property of the Higgs bosons in the allowed parameter space. We find that in the allowed parameter space the CP-odd Higgs boson A is rather light (m(A) < 30 GeV with 95% possibility), which is composed dominantly by the leptonic Higgs and decays dominantly into tau(+) tau(-); while the standard-model-like Higgs boson h (responsible largely for electroweak symmetry breaking) decays dominantly in the mode h -> AA -> 4 tau with a large decay width, which will make the Higgs discovery more difficult at the LHC, whereas this scenario predicts a branching ratio Br(Z -> tau(+) tau(-) A) ranging from 10(-5) to 10(-4), which may be accessible at the GigaZ option of the International Linear Collider. |

Probing new physics from top quark FCNC process at LHC: A mini review

Yang Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Since the top quark FCNC processes are extremely supressed in the Standard Model (SM) but could be greatly enhanced in some new physics models, they could serve as a smoking gun for new physics hunting at the LHC. In this brief review we summarize the new physics predictions for various top quark FCNC processes at the LHC by focusing on two typical models: the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) and the topcolor-assisted technicol or (TC2) model. The conclusion is: (1) Both new physics models can greatly enhance the SM predictions by several orders; (2) The TC2 model allows for largest enhancement, and for each channel the maximal prediction is much larger than in the MSSM; (3) Compared with the 3 sigma sensitivity at the LHC, only a couple of channels are accessible for the MSSM while most channles are accesible for the TC2 model. |

Lepton flavor violating Z-boson decays at GigaZ as a probe of supersymmetry

Yang Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

This paper briefly reviews the lepton flavor violating Z-decays at GigaZ as a probe of supersymmetry by focusing on Z -> l(i)(l) over bar (j) in two representative supersymmetric models: the minimal supersymmetric model without R-parity and the supersymmetric seesaw model. The work concludes that under the current experimental constraints from LEP and l(i) -> l(j)gamma, these rare decays can still be enhanced to reach the sensitivity of the GigaZ. Therefore, supersymmetry can be probed via these decays at GigaZ. |

DARK MATTER IN THE MSSM AND ITS SINGLET EXTENSION

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We briefly review the supersymmetric explanation for the cosmic dark matter. Although the neutralino in the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM), the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) and the nearly minimal supersymmetric model (nMSSM) can naturally explain the dark matter relic density, the PAMELA result can hardly be explained in these popular models. In the general singlet extension of the MSSM,both the PAMELA result and the relic density can be explained by the singlino-like neutralino. Such singlino-like neutralinos annihilate into the singlet-like Higgs bosons, which are light enough to decay dominantly to muons or electrons, and the annihilation cross section can be greatly enhanced by the Sommerfeld effect via exchanging alight CP-even singlet-like Higgs boson. In this scenario, in order to meet the stringent LEP constraints, the SM-like Higgs boson tends to decay into the singlet Higgs pairs instead of b (b) over bar and consequently it will give a multi-muon signal h(SM) -> aa -> 4 mu or h(SM) -> hh -> 4a -> 8 mu at the LHC. |

Light dark matter in NMSSM and implication on Higgs phenomenology

Cao, Junjie; Hikasa, Ken-ichi; Wang, Wenyu; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

For the experimental search of neutralino dark matter, it is important to know its allowed mass and scattering cross section with the nucleon. In order to figure out how light a neutralino dark matter can be predicted in low energy supersymmetry, we scan over the parameter space of the NMSSM (next-to-minimal supersymmetric model), assuming all the relevant soft mass parameters to be below TeV scale. We find that in the parameter space allowed by current experiments the neutralino dark matter can be as light as a few GeV and its scattering rate off the nucleon can reach the sensitivity of XENON100 and CoGeNT. As a result, a sizable parameter space is excluded by the current XENON100 and CoGeNT data (the plausible CoGeNT dark matter signal can also be explained). The future 6000 kg-days exposure of XENON100 will further explore (but cannot completely cover) the remained parameter space. Moreover, we find that in such a light dark matter scenario a light CP-even or CP-odd Higgs boson must be present to satisfy the measured dark matter relic density. Consequently, the SM-like Higgs boson h(SM) may decay predominantly into a pair of light Higgs bosons or a pair of neutralinos so that the conventional decays like h(SM) -> gamma gamma is much suppressed. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. |