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1. chinaXiv:201703.00578 [pdf]

Electron irradiation-induced defects in Mo-diluted FeCrNi austenitic alloy during void swelling incubation

B. Y. Wang; E Y Lu; C. X. Zhang; Q Xu; S. X. Jin; P. Zhang; X. Z. Cao
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

The microstructural features and the effect of Mo addition during incubation period in FeCrNi austenitic alloy were investigated using positron annihilation technique and micro-Vickers Hardness. The electron irradiation, which could induce vacancy defects in material, was performed at room temperature up to the dose of 1.70-4 and 50-4 dpa, respectively. The defect concentration was estimated about 10-4-10-7 though standard trapping model. The added Mo could trap vacancies to form Mo-vacancy complexes, which may suppress the migration and growth of vacancy defects during electron irradiation. In addition, the microstructural evolution during electron radiation resulted in hardening, while the added Mo might to improve the hardening property of the alloy.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits823Downloads437 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201703.00577 [pdf]

Effect of Cu content on the defect evolution in Fe-Cu alloys investigated by PALS

X. Z. Cao; X. Lai; G. D. Cheng; S. X. Jin; X. Zhang; P. Zhang; B. Y. Wang
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

The effect of Cu content on the evolution of defects in Fe-x%Cu alloys (x= 0.15, 0.3, and 0.6) were investigated using Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy. The vacancy-type and Cu-vacancy complexes defects were respectively produced by quenching from 1173 K and cold-rolled deformation followed by isochronal annealing. The isochronal annealing results obtained by PALS showed that Cu-vacancy complexes delayed the complete recovery of vacancy-type defects and the complete recovery temperature increased with the content of Cu in 30% deformed Fe-Cu alloys. The increment of Cu content also restrained the migration of vacancies in as-quenched Fe-Cu alloys.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits795Downloads431 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201703.00576 [pdf]

Helium retention with dislocations in deformed pure iron

Y. H. Gong; X. Z. Cao; S. X. Jin; E. Y. Lu; Y. C. Hu; T. Zhu; P. Kuang; Q. Xu; B. Y. Wang
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

Effects of deformed dislocation on helium retention in pure iron, including the helium atoms diffusion along the dislocation line and desorption from dislocation trapping sites, were investigated. The dislocation defect was introduced in specimens by cold-rolling, and then 5 keV helium ions were implanted into the deformed specimens. Slow positron beam technology and thermal desorption spectroscopy were used to investigate the evolution of dislocation defects and the desorption behavior of helium atoms under influence of dislocation. The behaviors of S-E, W-E and S-W plots indicate clearly that lots of helium atoms remain in the deformed specimen and helium atoms combining with dislocation change the distribution of electron density. The helium desorption plot indicates that dislocation accelerates helium desorption at 293 K-600 K and facilitates helium dissociation from HenVm (n/m=1.8) cluster.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits810Downloads476 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201703.00574 [pdf]

Electron irradiation-induced defects in Mo-diluted FeCrNi austenitic alloy during void swelling incubation

B. Y. Wang; E. Y. Lu; C. X. Zhang; Q. Xu; S. X. Jin; P. Zhang; X. Z. Cao
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

Abstract. The microstructural features and the effect of Mo addition in FeCrNi austenitic alloy during incubation period were investigated using positron annihilation technique and micro-Vickers Hardness. The electron irradiation, which could induce vacancy defects in material, was performed at room temperature up to the dose of 1.70-4 and 50-4 dpa, respectively. The defect concentration was estimated about 10-4-10-7 though the standard trapping model. The added Mo atoms could trap vacancies to form Mo-vacancy complexes, which may restrain the migration and growth of vacancy defects during electron irradiation. In addition, the microstructural evolution during electron radiation resulted in hardening, while the added Mo might improve the hardening property of the alloy.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits647Downloads398 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201703.00562 [pdf]

Temperature dependent defects evolution and hardening of tungsten induced by 200 keV He-ions

M. H. Cui; Z. G. Wang; L. L. Pang; T. L. Shen; C. F. Yao; B. S. Li; J. Y. Li; X. Z. Cao; P. Zhang; J. R. Sun; Y. B. Zhu; Y. F. Li; Y. B. Sheng
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

Tungsten has been selected as one of the potential candidate materials to cover some parts of the divertor in the future International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER). The accumulation of defects and He induced by neutron irradiation and their impact on the mechanical properties of tungsten are of very importance. In this work, the high pure polycrystalline tungsten samples were implanted by 200 keV He+ with a fluence of 5016 He+/cm2 at temperatures of room temperature(RT), 200, 400 and 800oC. Vacancy-type defects were detected in all implanted samples by means of positron annihilation spectroscopy. Vacancy-type defects produced by He implantation exist in the damaged layer and are decorated by He atoms. With increasing implantation temperature, more He atoms fill in the vacancy-type defects and make for the formation of larger defects. The nano-hardness values were measured by nano-indentation technique. It is observed that implantation hardening occurred for all the implanted samples. With increasing implantation temperature from 200 to 800 oC, the change of the average hardness values which are lower than the value at RT has a tendency of enhancement for the shallower layer and degradation for the deeper layer. The hardness variations are discussed to be the pinning effects of the defects with different density or size.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits788Downloads464 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201703.00560 [pdf]

A study of Cu precipitates in Fe ions irradiated Fe-Cu alloys by positron annihilation techniques

X. Z. Cao; P. Zhang; Q. Xu; G. D. Cheng; H. B. Wu; X. P. Jiang; R. S. Yu; L. Wei; B. Y. Wang
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

Cu precipitates played a key factor in irradiation induced hardening and embrittlement of reactor pressure vessel (RPV).In this work, two kinds of Fe-Cu model alloys with different Cu contents irradiated by Fe ion at 573 K were investigated using positron annihilation techniques and SEM. Doppler Broadening Spectroscopy(DBS) results indicated that with the irradiation dose increased from 0.1 dpa to 1.2 dpa, more vacancy-type defects were induced during Fe ion irradiation, and with different Cu contents, defects condition had few changes. Coincident Doppler Broadening (CDB) results indicated Cu precipitates were formed during the irradiation, which could be verified through the SEM results. The CDB results also showed that the Cu precipitates were the same at 0.1 dpa between the samples with different Cu contents. In Fe0.6Cu samples, more Cu precipitates were formed than that of Fe0.3Cu sample at 1.2 dpa.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits716Downloads424 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:201703.00552 [pdf]

Spectroscopic Ellipsometry and Positron Annihilation Investigation of Sputtered HfO2 Films

Z. W. Ma; L. X. Liu; Y. Z. Xie; Y. R. Su; H. T. Zhao; B. Y Wang; X. Z. Cao; X. B. Qin; J. Li
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

Our results suggest that SE and PAS are effective techniques to study the optical and defect properties of HfO2 and the results provide insights for the fabrication of high-quality HfO2 thin films for optical application.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits671Downloads422 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201703.00534 [pdf]

Helium retention and thermal desorption from defects in Fe9Cr binary alloys

T. Zhu; X. Z. Cao; S. X. Jin; J. P. Wu; Y. H. Gong; E. Y. Lu; B. Y. Wang; R. S. Yu; L. Wei
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

In order to study the fundamental processes of helium retention and thermal desorption from the structural material of future fusion reactors, thermal desorption measurements were performed to investigate helium trapping from defects in binary Fe9Cr model alloys irradiated by 3 keV and 0.2 keV He ions. Interstitial type dislocation loops, vacancies and vacancy clusters were produced by irradiation with 3 keV helium ions, which acted as the sink trapped the helium atoms. Helium thermal desorption peaks from dislocations, helium-vacancies were obtained by thermal desorption spectroscopy at ~ 540 篊, in the range from 205 篊 to 478 篊, respectively. Simple first order dissociation kinetics are used to estimate the activation energies associated with the desorption groups. A sharp desorption peak was observed at ~ 865 篊 due to the BCC-FCC phase transformation for specimens under all examined implantation conditions.

submitted time 2017-03-24 Hits698Downloads401 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:201703.00511 [pdf]

Enhanced plasticity in Zr-Cu-Ag-Al-Be bulk metallic glasses

Q. P. Cao; J. B. Jin; Y. Ma; X. Z. Cao; B. Y. Wang; S. X. Qu; X. D. Wang; D. X. Zhang; J. Z. Jiang
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

The dependences of bending plasticity on compositional adjustment and structural relaxation in Zr-Cu-Ag-Al-Be bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) were systematically studied. We reveal that with the increase in the Zr content, the plasticity is enhanced at the expense of glass forming ability and the shear transformation zone (STZ) volume becomes larger, while structural relaxation results in the embrittlement accompanied with the further enlarged STZ volume. Average positron lifetime, representing average free volume, drops with the increase in the Zr content and structural relaxation. The results indicate that neither STZ volume nor average positron lifetime can solely describe the plastic deformability of BMGs. Analyzing positron annihilation lifetime spectra, a bimodal distribution of open volume size is observed. The smaller open volume shrinks with increased concentration and the larger open volume expands with decreased concentration due to the increase in the Zr content, while structural elaxation only reduces the size of smaller open volume. The effects of open volume size distribution on the STZ activation and shear band propagation have been discussed. It has been demonstrated that combining the STZ volume with open volume size distribution can explain the plasticity evolution with the composition and structural relaxation, which sheds light on understanding the deformation mechanism of BMGs.

submitted time 2017-03-23 Hits1043Downloads570 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:201703.00510 [pdf]

Thermal evolution of vacancy-type defects in quenched FeCrNi alloys

C. X. Zhang; X. Z. Cao; Y. H. Li; S. X. Jin; E. Y. Lu; H. W. T; P. Zhang; B. Y. Wang; ?
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

The effect of isochronal annealing on vacancy-type defects in quenched FeCrNi alloys and SUS316 has been investigated by positron annihilation techniques. Vacancy-type defects gather and grow with the annealing temperature increasing to 523 K, and the vacancy-type defects annihilated gradually in FeCrNi alloys at the annealing temperature increasing. The results indicate that the addition of Mo and nonmetal elements is not the key reasons that determined the annihilated temperature of vacancy-type defects. It’s worth noting that the vacancy-type defects annihilated and dislocation-type defects formed in all sample alloys after 673 K annealing treatment. In addition, the density of defects in Mo diluted FeCrNi model alloy is lower than that in FeCrNi model alloy due to the Mo-vacancy complexes formed in Mo diluted FeCrNi model alloy. The long lifetime of vacancy-type defects in commercial stainless steel SUS316 is smaller than that in FeCrNi model alloys because the mobility of vacancy-type defects changed by nonmetal elements. In addition, vacancy-type and dislocation defects detected contribute to the S and W parameters of positron annihilation in the whole annealing treatment.

submitted time 2017-03-23 Hits890Downloads564 Comment 0

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