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Top-quark FCNC productions at CERN LHC in topcolor-assisted technicolor model

Cao, Junjie; Liu, Guoli; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, HuanjunSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We evaluate the top-quark FCNC productions induced by the topcolor-assisted technicolor (TC2) model at the LHC. These productions proceed, respectively, through the parton-level processes gg -> t (c) over bar, cg -> t, cg -> tg, cg -> tZ, and cg -> t gamma. We show the dependence of the production rates on the relevant TC2 parameters and compare the results with the predictions in the minimal supersymmetric model. We find that for each channel the TC2 model allows for a much larger production rate than the supersymmetric model. All these rare productions in the TC2 model can be enhanced above the 3 sigma sensitivity of the LHC. Since in the minimal supersymmetric model only cg -> t is slightly larger than the corresponding LHC sensitivity, the observation of these processes will favor the TC2 model over the supersymmetric model. In case of unobservation, the LHC can set meaningful constraints on the TC2 parameters. |

Virtual effects of split-SUSY in Higgs productions at linear colliders

Wang, Fei; Wang, Wenyu; Xu, Fuqiang; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, HuanjunSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In split supersymmetry, gauginos and higgsinos are the only supersymmetric particles possibly accessible at foreseeable colliders like the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC). In order to account for the cosmic dark matter measured by WMAP, these gauginos and higgsinos are stringently constrained and could be explored at the colliders through their direct productions and/or virtual effects in some processes. The clean environment and high luminosity of the ILC render the virtual effects at percent level meaningful in unraveling the new physics effects. In this work we assume split supersymmetry and calculate the virtual effects of the WMAP-allowed gauginos and higgsinos in the Higgs productions e(+) e(-) -> Zh and e(+) e(-) ->nu(e)(nu) over bar (e)h through WW fusion at the ILC. We find that the production cross section of e+ e-. Zh can be altered by a few percent in some part of the WMAP-allowed parameter space, while the correction to the WW fusion process e(+) e(-) ->nu(e) (nu) over bar (e)h is below 1%. Such virtual effects are correlated with the cross sections of chargino pair productions and can offer complementary information in probing split supersymmetry at the colliders. |

Constraints on hybrid inflation from flat directions in supersymmetry

Xu, Fuqiang; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We examine the constraints on F-term hybrid inflation by considering the flat directions in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We find that some coupling terms between the flat direction fields and the field which dominates the energy density during inflation are quite dangerous and can cause the no-exit of hybrid inflation even if their coupling strength is suppressed by Planck scale. Such couplings must be forbidden by imposing some symmetry for a successful F-term hybrid inflation. At the same time, we find that in the D-term inflation these couplings can be avoided naturally. Further, given the tachyonic preheating, we discuss the feasibility of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis after the F-term and D-term inflations. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. |

Probing R-parity violating interactions from top-quark polarization at LHC

Li, Peiying; Lu, Gongru; Yang, Jin Min; Zhang, HuanjunSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In the minimal supersymmetric standard model the R-parity violating interactions can induce anomalous top pair productions at the LHC through the t-channel process d(R)(R)((d) over bar) -> t(L)(L)((t) over bar) by exchanging a slepton or by the u-channel process d(R)(R)((d) over bar) -> t(R)(R)(<(t)over bar) exchanging a squark. Such top pair productions with a certain chirality cause top-quark polarization in the top pair events. We found that at the LHC, due to the large statistics, the statistical significance of the polarization observable, and thus the probing ability for the corresponding R-parity violating couplings, is much higher than at the Tevatron upgrade. |

Split two-Higgs-doublet model and neutrino condensation

Wang, F.; Wang, W.; Yang, J. M.Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We split the two-Higgs-doublet model by assuming very different vevs for the two doublets: the vev is at weak scale (174 GeV) for the doublet Phi(1) and at neutrino-mass scale (10(-2) - 10(-3) eV) for the doublet Phi(2). Phi(1) is responsible for giving masses to all fermions except neutrinos; while Phi(2) is responsible for giving neutrino masses through its tiny vev without introducing the see-saw mechanism. Among the predicted five physical scalars H, h, A(0) and H-+/-, the CP-even scalar h is as light as 10(-2) - 10(-3) eV while the others are at weak scale. We identify h as the cosmic-dark-energy field and the other CP-even scalar H as the Standard Model Higgs boson; while the CP-odd A(0) and the charged H-+/- are the exotic scalars to be discovered at future colliders. Also we demonstrate a possible dynamical origin for the doublet Phi(2) from neutrino condensation caused by some unknown dynamics. |

Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In split supersymmetry, gauginos and Higgsinos are the only supersymmetric particles that are potentially accessible at soon-to-be-completed colliders. While direct experimental research, such as the LEP and Tevatron experiments, have given robust lower bounds on the masses of these particles, cosmic dark matter can give some upper bounds and thus have important implications for research at future colliders. In this work we scrutinize such dark matter constraints and show the allowed mass range for charginos and neutralinos (the mass eigenstates of gauginos and Higgsinos). We find that the lightest chargino must be lighter than about 1 TeV under the popular assumption M-1 = M-2/2 and about 2 or 3 TeV in other cases. The corresponding production rates of the lightest chargino at the CERN large hadron collider (LHC) and the International Linear Collider (ILC) are also given. While in some parts of the allowed region the chargino pair production rate can be larger than 1 pb at the LHC and 100 fb at the ILC, other parts of the region correspond to very small production rates, and thus there is no guarantee of finding the charginos of split supersymmetry at future colliders. |

Gravitino dark matter from gluino late decay in split supersymmetry

Wang, F; Wang, WY; Yang, JMSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In split-supersymmetry (split-SUSY), gluino is a metastable particle and thus can freeze out in the early universe. The late decay of such a long-life gluino into the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) may provide much of the cosmic dark-matter content. In this work, assuming the LSP is gravitino produced from the late decay of the metastable gluino, we examine the Wilkinson microwave anisotropy probe (WMAP) dark-matter constraints on the gluino mass. We find that to provide the full abundance of dark matter, the gluino must be heavier than about 14 TeV and thus not accessible at the CERN large hadron collider (LHC). |

Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

If all the supersymmetry particles (sparticles) except a light Higgs boson are too heavy to be directly produced at the Large Hadron Collider and Tevatron, a possible way to reveal evidence for supersymmetry is through their virtual effects in other processes. We examine such supersymmetric QCD effects in bottom pair production associated with a light Higgs boson at the Large Hadron Collider and Tevatron. We find that if the relevant sparticles (gluinos and squarks) are well above the TeV scale, too heavy to be directly produced, they can still have sizable virtual effects in this process. For large tan beta, such residual effects can alter the production rate by as much as 40%, which should be observable in future measurements of this process. |

Lightest Higgs boson mass in split supersymmetry with the seesaw mechanism

Cao, JJ; Yang, JMSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

In the minimal supersymmetric standard model extended by including right-handed neutrinos with seesaw mechanism, the neutrino Yukaka couplings can be as large as the top-quark Yukawa couplings and thus the neutrino/sneutrino may cause sizable effects in Higgs boson self-energy loops. Our explicit one-loop calculations show that the neutrino/sneutrino effects may have an opposite sign to top/stop effects and thus lighten the lightest Higgs boson. If the soft-breaking mass of the right-handed neutrino is very large (at the order of Majorana mass scale), such as in the split-supersymmetry (SUSY) scenario, the effects can lower the lightest Higgs boson mass by a few tens of GeV. So the Higgs mass bound of about 150 GeV in split-SUSY may be lowered significantly if right-handed neutrinos come into play with seesaw mechanism. |

Probing new physics from top quark FCNC process at LHC: A mini review

Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

Since the top quark FCNC processes are extremely supressed in the Standard Model (SM) but could be greatly enhanced in some new physics models, they could serve as a smoking gun for new physics hunting at the LHC. In this brief review we summarize the new physics predictions for various top quark FCNC processes at the LHC by focusing on two typical models: the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM) and the topcolor-assisted technicol or (TC2) model. The conclusion is: (1) Both new physics models can greatly enhance the SM predictions by several orders; (2) The TC2 model allows for largest enhancement, and for each channel the maximal prediction is much larger than in the MSSM; (3) Compared with the 3 sigma sensitivity at the LHC, only a couple of channels are accessible for the MSSM while most channles are accesible for the TC2 model. |