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1. chinaXiv:202004.00009 [pdf]

CAN Algorithm: An Individual Level Approach to identify Consequences and Norms Sensitivities and Overall Action/inaction Preferences in Moral Decision-making

Chuanjun Liu; Jiangqun Liao
Subjects: Psychology >> Psychological Measurement

Gawronski et al. (2017) developed a CNI model to measure an agent’s norms sensitivity, consequences sensitivity, and generalized inaction/action preferences when making moral decisions. However, the CNI model presupposed that an agent considers consequences—norms—generalized inaction/action preferences sequentially, which is untenable based on recent evidence. Moreover, the CNI model generates parameters at the group level based on binary categoric data. Hence, the C/N/I parameters cannot be used for correlation analyses or other conventional research designs. To solve these limitations, we developed the CAN algorithm to compute norms and consequences sensitivities and overall action/inaction preferences algebraically in a parallel manner. We re-analyzed the raw data of Gawronski et al.(2017) to test the methodological predictions. Our results demonstrate that: (1) the C parameter is approximately equal between the CNI model and CAN algorithm; (2) the N parameter under the CNI model approximately equals N/(1 – C) under the CAN algorithm; (3) the I parameter and A parameter are reversed around 0.5 – the larger the I parameter, the more the generalized inaction versus action preference and the larger the A parameter, the more overall action versus inaction preference; (4) tests of differences in parameters between groups with the CNI model and CAN algorithm led to almost the same statistical conclusion; (5) Parameters from the CAN algorithm can be used for correlational analyses and multiple comparisons, and this is an advantage over the parameters from the CNI model. The theoretical and methodological implications of our study were also discussed.

submitted time 2020-04-03 Hits93Downloads32 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202002.00064 [pdf]

有志者,事竟成:内在动机倾向、创意质量与创意实施

董念念; 王雪莉
Subjects: Psychology >> Management Psychology

本研究基于自我决定理论和耶鲁态度改变理论,以创意提出者的内在动机倾向为起点,探索其对创意质量的影响,创意质量和创意提出者所获奖励进一步影响了创意实施,纵向追踪创意从提出到实施的创新历程。针对251份多时点、多来源配对数据的分析结果表明:(1)创意提出者的内在动机倾向积极预测创意质量;(2)创意质量对创意实施有显著的正向影响;(3)创意提出者所获奖励积极预测创意实施;(4)创意质量和创意提出者所获奖励交互影响创意实施:对于低奖励的创意提出者而言,创意质量对创意实施的正向影响更加强烈。以上研究发现弥合了创造力领域和创意实施领域的理论分野,对企业创新管理实践有较强的启发。

submitted time 2020-04-02 Hits94Downloads169 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:202004.00005 [pdf]

金融科技中支持区块链生态系统的一般共识博弈框架

袁先智
Subjects: Mathematics >> Applied Mathematics
Subjects: Information Science and Systems Science >> Other Disciplines of Information Science and Systems Science

本文的目的是建立区块链生态系统中采矿池博弈共识均衡的一般框架,特别是在区块链生态系统中,通过使用一个新的概念“共识博弈(Consensus Game)”,解释与挖掘差距(Gap Games)博弈行为相关的共识均衡存在的意义上的稳定性,这里,区块链生态系统主要是指应用2008年中本聪(Nakamoto)所提出的“工作证明”(Proof of Work) 这一关键共识,将区块链工作的费用、报酬机制和采矿权三类不同因素考虑在内的经济活动。 为了做到这一点,我们首先概述了采矿池游戏共识均衡的一般存在性是如何表述的,然后通过区块链共识框架下共识均衡的存在性来解释比特币缺口博弈 (Gap博弈) 稳定性,然后利用博弈论中矿工的利润函数作为收益,建立了一般矿业缺口博弈一致均衡的一般存在性结果。作为应用,建立了缺口博弈 (Gap博弈)一致均衡的一般存在性结果,这不仅有助于我们在区块链生态系统的一般框架下断言缺口博弈 (Gap博弈) 的一般稳定性的存在性,但也让我们能够说明在研究采矿池博弈时的一些不同现象,这些现象可能是由于采矿者的(Gap博弈)行为与嵌入比特币经济学的情景造成的。 我们对区块链生态系统挖掘缺口博弈稳定性的解释研究表明,共识均衡的概念可能对共识经济学基础理论的发展起到重要作用

submitted time 2020-03-31 Hits95Downloads43 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:202004.00001 [pdf]

Reappraisal of Serridentinus gobiensis Osborn & Granger and Miomastodon tongxinensis Chen:the validity of Miomastodon

WANG Shi-Qi; ZHANG Xiao-Xiao; LI Chun-Xiao 
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

The elephantimorph proboscideans, Serridentinus gobiensis Osborn & Granger, 1932, and Miomastodon tongxinensis Chen, 1978, from the Middle Miocene of northern China, were revised as Zygolophodon gobiensis (Osborn & Granger, 1932). However, their phylogenetic positions are still being debated because of their intermediate morphology between the typical bunodont (Gomphotheriidae) and zygodont (Mammutidae) elephantimorphs. In the present paper, we compare their dental and mandibular morphology with that of the Eurasian Z. turicensis, Gomphotherium subtapiroideum, and G. tassyi, as well as the North American Mio. merriami and G. productum. It appears that S. gobiensis and Mio. tongxinensis share with Mio. merriami the slightly more bunodont molar morphology than that of Z. turicensis, e.g., the thicker enamel, thicker pretrite crescentoids, higher interlophid enamel pillars in buccal view, and the narrower contour majorly caused by the narrower posttrite half loph(id)s. S. gobiensis and Mio. merriami also possess an “erected oval cross-sectioned mandibular tusk”, in which the cross-section is mediolaterally compressed (dorsoventral diameter being larger than the mediolateral one). Whereas, in Z. turicensis and G. productum, the mandibular tusk is “laid oval cross-sectioned”, in which the cross-section is dorsoventrally compressed (dorsoventral diameter is smaller than the mediolateral one). Therefore, it is reasonable to revive the genus Miomastodon Osborn, 1922, which contains the species that were previously attributed to Zygolophodon, but they have relatively bunodont molar morphology (i.e., the robust type of the Z. turicensis group). The mandibular tusk with erected oval cross-section seems to be a synapomorphy of Miomastodon species. Furthermore, the molar morphology of G. subtapiroideum and G. tassyi also exhibits intermediate status between the typical bunodonts and zygodonts. However, the mandibular symphysis of G. subtapiroideum and G. tassyi is stronger than that of Miomastodon, and the mandibular tusk is pyriform cross-sectioned. The validity of Miomastodon and G. subtapiroideum/tassyi obscures the boundary between the Gomphotheriidae and Mammutidae, and suggests that the evolutions of the Gomphotheriidae and Mammutidae are deeply involved in with each other, rather than straightforwardly detached. This phenomenon has been revealed by a collagen sequence analysis among Notiomastodon, Mammut, and extant elephants, which should be further studied.

submitted time 2020-03-31 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits173Downloads70 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:202004.00002 [pdf]

New material of Cervidae (Artiodactyla, Mammalia) from Xinyaozi Ravine in Shanxi, North China

DONG Wei; BAI Wei-Peng; PAN Yue; LIU Wen-Hui
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

Many cervid specimens were uncovered during the field exploration for Nihewan beds at the beginning of the 1980s from Taijiaping, Shuichongkou and Dazhuangke localities along Xinyaozi Ravine at Nangaoya Township of Tianzhen County, Shanxi Province in North China. Recent studies on the cervid material identified seven species of Cervidae in total: Muntiacus bohlini, Cervavitus cf. C. huadeensis, Axis shansius, Nipponicervus elegans, Elaphurus davidianus predavidianus, E. bifurcatus from the Early Pleistocene deposits at Taijiaping and Shuichongkou localities, and Cervus (Elaphus) elaphus from uncertain horizon at Dazhuangke. At least the previous six species of cervids were from Nihewan Formation (Nihewanian or equivalent to European middle and late Villafranchian), i.e. the Early Pleistocene, in Sangganhe Basin area.Cervavitus cf. C. huadeensis and A. shansius were survivors from the Late Neogene; M. bohlini,N. elegans, E. davidianus predavidianus and E. bifurcatus are new forms of the Early Pleistocene.If Dazhuangke horizon can be dated as those of Shuichongkou and Taijiaping localities, the appearance of elaphoid cervids could be traced back to the Early Pleistocene, and the evolution of elaphoid antler would start from absence to presence of bez tine. The presence of Elaphurus and Nipponicervus in mainland China and Japanese archipelago implies further that the sea level was dropped down that these cervids could migrate from the mainland to the islands. The abundance of folivorous cervid specimens in the Xinyaozi Ravine area indicates the existence of a certain scale of forested environment in Sangganhe Basin area during the Early Pleistocene.

submitted time 2020-03-31 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits136Downloads62 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:202004.00003 [pdf]

A new species of Amynodontopsis (Perissodactyla: Amynodontidae) from the Middle Eocene of Jiyuan, Henan, China

WANG Xiao-Yang; WANG Yuan-Qing; ZHANG Rui; ZHANG Zhong-Hui;  LIU Xiao-Ling; REN Li-Ping
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

An adult amynodont skull, collected from the Middle Eocene Niezhuang Formation of Jiyuan Basin (Henan, China), is recognized as a new species Amynodontopsis jiyuanensis sp. nov. The specimen possesses the typical features of the genus Amynodontopsis, such as a dolichocephalic skull with elevated roof, premaxilla-nasal contact, large preorbital fossa extending posteriorly medial to the orbit, inner surface of anterior orbital bar concave in continuation with the preorbital fossa, antecrochet usually presented on M1, and metastyle of M3 strongly deflected labially. A. jiyuanensis is diagnosed by a combination of the following characters: long nasals, nasal process of premaxilla extending far back laterally below the nasal and excluding the maxilla from the border of external nares, nasal notch above the post-canine diastema, more transverse and proportionally longer protoloph and metaloph on upper molars. Comparison with known species of Amynodontopsis indicates that it is the most primitive one in the genus, due to the possession of primitive characters. Associated fossil mammals support a correlation of the strata bearing A. jiyuanensis with the Shara Murun Formation of the Erlian Basin, Nei Mongol, China, namely the Middle Eocene Sharamurunian Asian Land Mammal Age (ALMA), prior to all other known Amynodontopsis species. The earlier geologic age and primitive morphological features of A. jiyuanensis suggest that Amynodontopsis has an Asian origin in the Middle Eocene and later immigrated into North America.

submitted time 2020-03-31 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits125Downloads49 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:202004.00004 [pdf]

A Late Miocene Huerzelerimys (Rodentia: Muridae) skull from Hezheng, Gansu, China

WANG Ban-Yue; QIU Zhan-Xiang;  LI Lü-Zhou
Subjects: Biology >> Zoology

A skull with mandible and several cervicals of a new species of Huerzelerimys, H.asiaticus, collected from the Late Miocene Liushu Formation in Linxia Basin, Gansu Province,is described in this paper. The skull is the first one ever found for the genus Huerzelerimys. Its main characters are: size small; skull broad and short with stout rostrum; interorbital roof narrow;premaxillary laterodorsal crest well developed; frontal crests weak and subparallel; incisive foramina long, with their posterior ends lined up with anterior root of M1; posterior palatal foramina located mesial to M2; caudal border of hard palate lying posterior to M3;interpterygoid foramen absent; alisphenoid canal bony; bulla large and inflated; internal carotid foramen located near the basilar tubercle; mandible having low horizontal ramus and deeply concave diastema; anterior end of masseteric ridge lined up with anterior margin of m1; mental foramen situated slightly anterior to masseteric ridge and anteroventral to m1, near to mandibular diastema; upper incisors orthodont; M1 having slightly anteriorly located t1; in M1 and M2 t6 and t9 connected by distinct crest and t12 crest-like; t1 and t3 of M2 and t1 of M3 connected to t5; M3 having t3 and a large isolated t8; small Acc of m1 connected with both Alc and Abc; m1 and m2 having distinct buccal cingula, larger c2 attached to protoconid, and low crest-like posterior heel; m2 and m3 having isolated Abc; c1 absent in m3. The evolutionary level of the described skull tends to show that the age of the upper part of the Liushu Formation yielding H. asiaticus may belong to late Bahean, corresponding to European upper MN11 or lower MN12.

submitted time 2020-03-31 From cooperative journals:《古脊椎动物学报》 Hits128Downloads56 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:202003.00083 [pdf]

让建言更多含金量:员工建言质量的前因机制研究

江静; 董雅楠; 李艳; 杨百寅
Subjects: Psychology >> Management Psychology

员工高质量的建议是企业提质增效的重要途径。然而,以往研究主要聚焦在员工的“建言参与”和“建言数量”上,忽略了一个最本质的问题——员工的建言质量如何?为解决这一关键问题,分别从员工建言质量的内涵、测量、前因机制的角度构建一个关于员工建言质量的系统研究。研究一基于扎根理论,探讨员工建言质量的内涵与结构,开发员工建言质量的测量工具;研究二是基于内隐建言理论,从个体和团队两个层面探讨员工与领导的批判性思维对员工建言质量的影响机制。理论贡献在于推动员工建言质量的理论构建, 拓展批判性思维理论、内隐建言理论的应用。

submitted time 2020-03-30 Hits272Downloads172 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:202004.00006 [pdf]

一种新的结合仿生学的人工神经网络模型评估研究.pdf

张锦; 舒炫煜; 黄昭彦; 易胜
Subjects: Computer Science >> Other Disciplines of Computer Science

人工神经网络的模型结构与功能分别朝着多样化、智能化趋势发展,但研究者仅从解决问题结果的优劣对模型进行评估是有所欠缺、过于片面的。因此在本文中提出从仿生学的角度构建评估人工神经网络仿生度的指标集,采用定性与定量的方式对模型的仿生度进行整体分析。在定性方面,对模型的神经元方程、网络结构、权重更新原理等方面进行比较分析;在定量方面,基于仿生的角度构建指标集即小世界特性、同步特性及混沌特性,对模型进行分析,分析结果表明,LeNet5模型及BP神经网络具备同步特性,但其与真实生物神经网络仍有一定的距离,而KIII模型在结构上具备一定的小世界特性,其网络内部也表现同步特性及混沌特性,与真实的生物神经网络更为接近。

submitted time 2020-03-29 Hits103Downloads53 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:202003.00079 [pdf]

南京人更“仇日”吗:“南京大屠杀”背景下网络评论影响群际宽恕的地区差异

张田; 孙卉
Subjects: Psychology >> Social Psychology

为探讨网络评论影响群际宽恕的地区差异,本研究基于“南京大屠杀”历史事件的背景,选取了来自六个城市的152名市民参与此次研究,研究中让被试阅读有关“南京大屠杀”的新闻报道和虚拟的网络评论,并在此基础上填写群际宽恕问卷。结果显示:(1)网络评论的方向性能够显著影响新闻报道读者的群际宽恕水平;(2)网络评论对于群际宽恕的影响存在地区差异,即对于非南京市民而言,当评论的方向为正向时,其群际宽恕水平也相对更高,反之则更低;对于南京市民而言,无论评论的方向性如何,其群际宽恕水平都保持在相对较高的水平;(3)与外国群体相比,中国被试的群际宽恕水平更低。这种地区的差异可能源于对历史事件的认知、文化的差异、政治等因素。在此基础上,群际宽恕的研究还可以进一步关注文化背景、测量工具、干预模式等领域。

submitted time 2020-03-29 Hits215Downloads87 Comment 0

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