All Results

Inflationary Attractor in Braneworld Scenario

Zong-Kuan Guo; Hong-Sheng Zhang; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We demonstrate the attractor behavior of inflation driven by a scalar field or a tachyon field in the context of recently proposed four-dimensional effective gravity induced on the world-volume of a three-brane in five-dimensional Einstein gravity, and we obtain a set of exact inflationary solutions.Phase portraits indicate that an initial kinetic term decays rapidly and it does not prevent the onset of inflation. The trajectories more rapidly reach the slow rolling curve in braneworld scenario than in the standard cosmology. |

Two-Field Quintom Models in the w − w Plane

Zong-Kuan Guo; Yun-Song Piao; Xinmin Zhang; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

The w−w′ plane, defined by the equation of state parameter for the dark energy and its derivative with respect to the logarithm of the scale factor, is useful to the study of classifying the dynamical dark energy models. In this note, we examine the evolving behavior of the two-field quintom models with w crossing the w = −1 barrier in the w − w′ plane. We find that these models can be divided into two categories, type A quintom in which w changes from > −1 to < −1 and type B quintom in which w changes from < −1 to > −1 as the universe expands. |

submitted time
2017-09-27
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Constraints on the DGP Model from Recent Supernova Observations and Baryon Acoustic Oscillations

Zong-Kuan Guo , Zong-Hong Zhu , J.S. Alcaniz , Yuan-Zhong Zhang; Zong-Hong Zhu; J.S. Alcaniz; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

Although there is mounting observational evidence that the expansion of our universe is undergoing a late-time acceleration, the mechanism for this acceleration is yet unknown. In the so-called Dvali-Gabadadze-Porrati (DGP) model this phenomena is attributed to gravitational leakage into extra dimensions. In this work, we mainly focus our attention to the constraints on the model from the gold sample of type Ia supernovae (SNeIa), the first year data from the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS) and the baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO) peak found in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). At 99.73% confidence level, the combination of the three databases provides m = 0.270+0.018−0.017 and rc = 0.216+0.012−0.013 (hence a spatially closed universe with k = −0.350+0.080−0.083), which seems to be in contradiction with the most recent WMAP results indicating a flat universe. Based on this result, we also estimated the transition redshift (at which the universe switches from deceleration to acceleration) to be 0.70 < zq=0 < 1.01, at 2#27;confidence level. |

A Tracker Solution for a Holographic Dark Energy Model

Hui Li,b; Zong-Kuan Guo; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We investigate a kind of holographic dark energy model with the future event horizon the IR cutoff and the equation of state −1. In this model, the constraint on the equation of state automatically specifies an interaction between matter and dark energy. With this interaction included, an accelerating expansion is obtained as well as the transition from deceleration to acceleration. It is found that there exists a stable tracker solution for the numerical parameter d > 1, and d smaller than one will not lead to a physical solution. This model provides another possible phenomenological framework to alleviate the cosmological coincidence problem in the context of holographic dark energy. Some properties of the evolution which are relevant to cosmological parameters are also discussed. |

Observational Constraints on Variable Chaplygin Gas

Zong-Kuan Guo; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We investigate observational constraints on the variable Chaplygin gas model from the gold sample of type Ia supernova data and the recent measurements of the X-ray gas mass fractions in galaxy clusters. Combining these databases, we obtain a tight constraint on the two model parameters. Our results indicate that the original Chaplygin gas model is ruled out by the data at 99.7% confidence level. |

Cosmology with a Variable Chaplygin Gas

Zong-Kuan Guo; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We consider a new generalized Chaplygin gas model that includes the original Chaplygin gas model as a special case. In such a model the generalized Chaplygin gas evolves as from dust to quiessence or phantom. We show that the background evolution for the model is equivalent to that for a coupled dark energy model with dark matter. The constraints from the current type Ia supernova data favour a phantom-like Chaplygin gas model. |

Cosmological Evolution of Interacting Phantom Energy with Dark Matter

Zong-Kuan Guo; Rong-Gen Cai; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We investigate the cosmological evolution of an interacting phantom energy model in which the phantom field has interaction with the dark matter. We discuss the existence and stability of scaling solutions for two types of specific interactions. One is motivated by the conformal transformation in string theory and the other is motivated by analogy with dissipation. In the former case, there exist no scaling solutions. In the latter case, there exist stable scaling solutions, which may give a phenomenological solution of the coincidence problem. Furthermore, the universe either accelerates forever or ends with a singularity, which is determined by not only the model parameters but also the initial velocity of the phantom field. |

Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We investigate the role of a suitable interaction between a matter fluid and a phantom field for the coincidence problem. There exists a stationary scaling solution which is a stable attractor at late times. Furthermore, the cosmic doomsday is avoided in one region of the parameter space |

Cosmological Evolution of a Quintom Model of Dark Energy

Zong-Kuan Guo; Yun-Song Piao; Xinmin Zhang; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We investigate in this paper the cosmological evolution of a dark energy model with two scalar fields where one of the scalar has canonical kinetic energy and another scalar has negative kinetic energy term. For such a system with exponential potentials we find that during the evolution of the universe the equation of state w changes from w > −1 to w < −1, which is consistent with the recent observations. A phase-plane analysis shows that the “phantom”-dominated scaling solution is the stable late-time attractor of this type of models. |

Attractor Behavior of Phantom Cosmology

Zong-Kuan Guo; Yun-Song Piao; Yuan-Zhong ZhangSubjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

We investigate the cosmological attractor of the minimally coupled, self-interacting phantom field with a positive energy density but negative pressure. It is proved that the phantom cosmology is rigid in the sense that there exists a unique attractor solution. We plot the trajectories in the phase space numerically for the phantom field with three typical potentials. Phase portraits indicate that an initial kinetic term decays rapidly and the trajectories reach the unique attractor curve. We find that the curve corresponds to the slow-climb solution. |