All Results

Splitting of the π − ρ spectrum in a renormalized light-cone QCD-inspired model

T. Frederico; Hans-Christian Pauli; Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

We show that the splitting between the light pseudo-scalar and vector meson states is due to the strong short-range attraction in the 1S0 sector which makes the pion and the kaon light particles. We use a light-cone QCD-inspired model of the mass squared operator with harmonic confinement and a Dirac-delta interaction. We apply a renormalization method to define the model, in which the pseudo-scalar ground state mass fixes the renormalized strength of the Dirac-delta interaction. |

Universal description of S-wave meson spectra in a renormalized light-cone QCD-inspired model

T. Frederico; Hans-Christian Pauli; Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

A light-cone QCD-inspired model, with the mass squared operator consisting of a harmonic oscillator potential as confinement and a Dirac-delta interac- tion, is used to study the S-wave meson spectra. The two parameters of the harmonic potential and quark masses are fixed by masses of ρ(770), ρ(1450), J/ψ, ψ(2S), K∗(892) and B∗. We apply a renormalization method to define the model, in which the pseudo-scalar ground state mass fixes the renormal- ized strength of the Dirac-delta interaction. The model presents an universal and satisfactory description of both singlet and triplet states of S-wave mesons and the corresponding radial excitations. |

MESON SPECTRA FROM AN EFFECTIVE LIGHT CONE QCD-INSPIRED MODEL

Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

I present some recent applications of a light cone QCD-inspired model with the mass squared operator consisting of a harmonic oscillator potential as con- finement in the meson spectra. The model gives an universal and satisfactory description of both singlet and triplet states of S-wave mesons. In the present work P -wave Ds mesons are also investigated. The mass of the recently found meson, Ds∗J (2317)+ is reproduced fairly well by this simple model. |

Subjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

We use a light cone harmonic oscillator model to study S wave meson spectra, namely the pseu- doscalar and vector mesons. The model Hamiltonian is a mass squared operator consisting of a central potential (a harmonic oscillator potential) from which a hyperfine interaction is derived. The hyperfine interaction is responsible for the splitting in the pseudoscalar-vector spectra. With 4 parameters for the masses of up/down, strange, charm and bottom quarks, 2 for the harmonic oscil- lator potential and 1 for the hyperfine interaction, the model presents a reasonably good agreement with the data. |

Test of Pseudospin Symmetry in Deformed Nuclei

J.N. Ginocchio; A. Leviatan; J. Meng; Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

Pseudospin symmetry is a relativistic symmetry of the Dirac Hamiltonian with scalar and vector mean fields equal and opposite in sign. This symmetry imposes constraints on the Dirac eigen- functions. We examine extensively the Dirac eigenfunctions of realistic relativistic mean field calcu- lations of deformed nuclei to determine if these eigenfunctions satisfy these pseudospin symmetry constraints. |

Real stabilization method for nuclear single particle resonances

Li Zhang; Shan-Gui Zhou; Jie Meng; En-Guang ZhaoSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

We develop the real stabilization method within the framework of the relativistic mean field (RMF) model. With the self-consistent nuclear potentials from the RMF model, the real stabilization method is used to study single-particle resonant states in spherical nuclei. As examples, the energies, widths and wave functions of low-lying neutron resonant states in 120Sn are obtained. These results are compared with those from the scattering phase shift method and the analytic continuation in the coupling constant approach and satisfactory agreements are found. |

A new barrier penetration formula and its application to α-decay half-lives

Lu-Lu Li; Shan-Gui Zhou; En-Guang Zhao; Werner ScheidSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

Starting from the WKB approximation, a new barrier penetration formula is proposed for poten- tial barriers containing a long-range Coulomb interaction. This formula is especially proper for the barrier penetration with penetration energy much lower than the Coulomb barrier. The penetra- bilities calculated from the new formula agree well with the results from the WKB method. As a first attempt, this new formula is used to evaluate α decay half-lives of atomic nuclei and a good agreement with the experiment is obtained. |

Spherical-box approach for resonances in presence of Coulomb interaction

Shan-Gui Zhou; Jie Meng; En-Guang ZhaoSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The spherical-box approach is extended to calculate the resonance parameters and the real part of the wave function for single particle resonances in a potential containing the long-range Coulomb interaction. A model potential is taken to demonstrate the ability and accuracy of this approach. The calculated resonance parameters are compared with available results from other methods. It is shown that in the presence of the Coulomb interaction, the spherical-box approach works well for not so broad resonances. In particular, for very narrow resonances, the present method gives resonance parameters in a very high precision. |

Particle-number conserving analysis of rotational bands in 247,249Cm and 249Cf

Zhen-Hua Zhang; Jin-Yan Zeng; En-Guang Zhao; Shan-Gui ZhouSubjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The recently observed high-spin rotational bands in odd-A nuclei 247,249Cm and 249Cf [Tandel et al., Phys. Rev. C 82 (2010) 041301R] are investigated by using the cranked shell model (CSM) with the pairing correlations treated by a particle-number conserving (PNC) method in which the blocking effects are taken into account exactly. The experimental moments of inertia and alignments and their variations with the rotational frequency ω are reproduced very well by the PNC-CSM calculations. By examining the ω-dependence of the occupation probability of each cranked Nilsson orbital near the Fermi surface and the contributions of valence orbitals to the angular momentum alignment in each major shell, the level crossing and upbending mechanism in each nucleus is understood clearly. |

Subjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The shapes of light normal nuclei and Λ hypernuclei are investigated in the (β,γ) deformation plane by using a newly developed constrained relativistic mean field (RMF) model. As examples, the results of some C, Mg, and Si nuclei are presented and discussed in details. We found that for normal nuclei the present RMF calculations and previous Skyrme-Hartree-Fock models predict similar trends of the shape evolution with the neutron number increasing. But some quantitative aspects from these two approaches, such as the depth of the minimum and the softness in the γ direction, differ a lot for several nuclei. For Λ hypernuclei, in most cases, the addition of a Λ hyperon alters slightly the location of the ground state minimum towards the direction of smaller β and softer γ in the potential energy surface E ∼ (β,γ). There are three exceptions, namely, 13C, 23C, and ΛΛ 31Si in which the polarization effect of the additional Λ is so strong that the shapes of these three Λ hypernuclei are drastically different from their corresponding core nuclei. |