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1. chinaXiv:201703.00308 [pdf]

Target brightness temperature simulation and analysis for the geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS)

Zhang, Ying; Liu, Hao; Wu, Ji; He, Jieying; Zhang, Cheng
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

Target brightness temperature maps can be used in geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS) system simulation. System simulation with accurate target brightness temperature maps can evaluate system performance in near real case and thus help adjust design parameters for the sensor before it is finally put into use. In this paper, method of simulating target brightness temperature using Weather Research and Forecasting Model and Radiative Transfer for TOVS (RTTOV) has been discussed. Target brightness temperature simulation results at oxygen absorption band and water-vapor absorption band have been presented. Some preliminary analyses of simulated brightness temperature for GIMS' observation have also been given.

submitted time 2017-03-10 Hits13014Downloads733 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:201703.00298 [pdf]

A deblurring method for dynamic target observation of the geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS)

Zhang, Ying; Liu, Hao; Wu, Ji; Zhang, Cheng; He, Jieying
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

Brightness temperature change of observation target in one imaging period will introduce image blur to the retrieved image of geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS), which uses rotating circular array to realize time-sharing sampling other than snap-shot to reduce system complexity but meanwhile resulting in a relatively long imaging period. In this paper, an interpolation method utilizing time sequence of visibilities collected by time-sharing sampling is presented. The method is verified through a simulation system that simulates GIMS's observation process in viewing a series of near real case brightness temperature maps modeled by FNL/WRF/RTTOV method. Results show that the interpolation method can de-blur the image and reduce imaging error to the degree of snap-shot imaging. �2016 IEEE.

submitted time 2017-03-10 Hits1211Downloads385 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201703.00291 [pdf]

Analysis and simulation of GIMS observation on dynamic targets

Zhang, Ying; Liu, Hao; Wu, Ji; Zhang, Cheng; He, Jieying
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

Imaging period is an important consideration to geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS) when mapping fast changing target such as typhoon. GIMS simulation system with near real case observation target can evaluate system performance in different system configurations and thus help determine the optimal imaging period. In this paper, GIMS simulation system using MATLAB and near real case observation modeled by FNL/WRF/RTTOV method has been used to analyze the effect of imaging period on image quality. System simulation results for each frequency channel will be presented and analyses of imaging period's effect on image quality will also be given. �2016 IEEE.

submitted time 2017-03-10 Hits1161Downloads352 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201703.00287 [pdf]

Passive submillimeter-wave imaging demonstrated by a two-element interferometer

Han, Dong-Hao; Liu, Hao; Zhang, De-Hai; Meng, Jin; Zhao, Xin; Zhang, Ying; Wu, Ji
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

In this paper, an SMMW interferometric radiometer concept is demonstrated by a two-element interferometer with dedicated high accuracy SMMW devices. Point-source calibration method is introduced in order to reduce instrument errors. Interference fringes and point target images are presented by this SMMW interferometer. The linear phase error of the interference fringes is less than 2�and the angular resolution is better than 0.57� The measured performance characteristics of the two-element interferometer are consistent with the theoretical analysis. This interferometer demonstrates a new method for passive SMMW remote sensing. �2016, Science Press. All right reserved.

submitted time 2017-03-10 Hits747Downloads419 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201605.01244 [pdf]

Structural Insights into the Molecular Recognition between Cerebral Cavernous Malformation 2 and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinase Kinase 3

Wang, Xiaoyan; Hou, Yanjie; Deng, Kai; Zhang, Ying; Wang, Da-Cheng; Ding, Jingjin; Wang, Xiaoyan; Deng, Kai
Subjects: Biology >> Biophysics >> Biochemistry & Molecular Biology

Cerebral cavernous malformation 2 (CCM2) functions as an adaptor protein implicated in various biological processes. By interacting with the mitogen-activated protein kinase MEKK3, CCM2 either mediates the activation of MEKK3 signaling in response to osmotic stress or negatively regulates MEKK3 signaling, which is important for normal cardiovascular development. However, the molecular basis governing CCM2-MEKK3 interaction is largely unknown. Here we report the crystal structure of the CCM2 C-terminal part (CCM2ct) containing both the five-helix domain (CCM2ct(s)) and the following C-terminal tail. The end of the C-terminal tail forms an isolated helix, which interacts intramolecularly with CCM2ct(s). By biochemical studies we identified the N-terminal amphiphilic helix of MEKK3 (MEKK3-n(helix)) as the essential structural element for CCM2ct binding. We further determined the crystal structure of CCM2ct(s)-MEKK3-n(helix) complex, in which MEKK3-n(helix) binds to the same site of CCM2ct(s) for CCM2ct intramolecular interaction. These findings build a structural framework for understanding CCM2ct-MEKK3 molecular recognition.

submitted time 2016-05-11 Hits443Downloads232 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201605.00283 [pdf]

TARGET BRIGHTNESS TEMPERATURE SIMULATION AND ANALYSIS FOR THE GEOSTATIONARY INTERFEROMETRIC MICROWAVE SOUNDER (GIMS)

Zhang, Ying; Liu, Hao; Wu, Ji; He, Jieying; Zhang, Cheng
Subjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

Target brightness temperature maps can be used in geostationary interferometric microwave sounder (GIMS) system simulation. System simulation with accurate target brightness temperature maps can evaluate system performance in near real case and thus help adjust design parameters for the sensor before it is finally put into use. In this paper, method of simulating target brightness temperature using Weather Research and Forecasting Model and Radiative Transfer for TOVS (RTTOV) has been discussed. Target brightness temperature simulation results at oxygen absorption band and water-vapor absorption band have been presented. Some preliminary analyses of simulated brightness temperature for GIMS' observation have also been given.

submitted time 2016-05-03 Hits559Downloads361 Comment 0

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