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A holographic study on vector condensate induced by a magnetic field

Cai, Rong-Gen; He, Song; Li, Li; Li, Li-FangSubjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

We study a holographic model with vector condensate by coupling the anti-de Sitter gravity to an Abelian gauge field and a charged vector field in (3 + 1) dimensional spacetime. In this model there exists a non-minimal coupling of the vector field to the gauge field. We find that there is a critical temperature below which the charged vector condenses via a second order phase transition. The DC conductivity becomes infinite and the AC conductivity develops a gap in the condensed phase. We study the effect of a background magnetic field on the system. It is found that the background magnetic field can induce the condensate of the vector field even in the case without chemical potential/charge density. In the case with non-vanishing charge density, the transition temperature raises with the applied magnetic field, and the condensate of the charged vector operator forms a vortex lattice structure in the spatial directions perpendicular to the magnetic field. |

Vector condensate and AdS soliton instability induced by a magnetic field

Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Li, Li-Fang; Wu, YouSubjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

We continue to study the holographic p-wave superconductor model in the Einstein-Maxwell-complex vector field theory with a non-minimal coupling between the complex vector field and the Maxwell field. In this paper we work in the AdS soliton background which describes a conformal field theory in the confined phase and focus on the probe approximation. We find that an applied magnetic field can lead to the condensate of the vector field and the AdS soliton instability. As a result, a vortex lattice structure forms in the spatial directions perpendicular to the applied magnetic field. As a comparison, we also discuss the vector condensate in the Einstein-SU(2) Yang-Mills theory and find that in the setup of the present paper, the Einstein-Maxwell-complex vector field model is a generalization of the SU(2) model in the sense that the vector field has a general mass and gyromagnetic ratio. |

Competition between s-wave order and d-wave order in holographic superconductors

Li, Li-Fang; Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Wang, Yong-QiangSubjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

We study competition between s-wave order and d-wave order through two holographic superconductor models. We find that once the coexisting phase appears, it is always thermodynamically favored, and that the coexistence phase is narrow and one condensate tends to kill the other. The phase diagram is constructed for each model in terms of temperature and the ratio of charges of two orders. We further compare the behaviors of some thermodynamic quantities, and discuss the different aspects and identical ones between two models. |

Entanglement entropy in a holographic p-wave superconductor model

Li, Li-Fang; Cai, Rong-Gen; Li, Li; Shen, ChaoSubjects: Geosciences >> Space Physics

In a recent paper, arXiv:1309.4877, a holographic p-wave model has been proposed in an Einstein Maxwell-complex vector field theory with a negative cosmological constant. The model exhibits rich phase structure depending on the mass and the charge of the vector field. We investigate the behavior of the entanglement entropy of dual field theory in this model. When the above two model parameters change, we observe the second order, first order and zeroth order phase transitions from the behavior of the entanglement entropy at some intermediate temperatures. These imply that the entanglement entropy can indicate not only the occurrence of the phase transition, but also the order of the phase transition. The entanglement entropy is indeed a good probe to phase transition. Furthermore, the "retrograde condensation" which is a sub-dominated phase is also reflected on the entanglement entropy. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. |

Subjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

After the discovery of a standard model (SM)-like Higgs boson, naturalness strongly favors the next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM. In this letter, we point out that the natural next-to-minimal supersymmetric SM usually predicts the following CP-even Higgs H-i sector: (A) H-2 is the SM-like Higgs boson with mass pushed upward by a lighter H-1 with mass overwhelmingly within [m(H2)/2, m(H2)]; (B) m(H3) similar or equal to 2 mu/sin 2 beta greater than or similar to 300 GeV; (C) H-3 has a significant coupling to the top quark and can decay to H1H2 with a large branching ratio. Using a jet substructure we show that these three Higgs bosons can be discovered via gg -> H-3 -> H1H2 -> b (b) over barl nu jj at the 14 TeV LHC. In particular, the LEP-LHC scenario with H-1 similar or equal to 98 GeV has a very good discovery potential. |

Impact of a CP-Violating Higgs Sector: From LHC to Baryogenesis

Shu, Jing; Zhang, YueSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We observe a generic connection between LHC Higgs data and electroweak baryogenesis: the particle that contributes to the CP-odd hgg or h gamma gamma vertex would provide the CP-violating source during a first-order phase transition. It is illustrated in the two Higgs doublet model that a common complex phase controls the lightest Higgs properties at the LHC, electric dipole moments, and the CP-violating source for electroweak baryogenesis. We perform a general parametrization of Higgs effective couplings and a global fit to the LHC Higgs data. Current LHC measurements prefer a nonzero phase for tan beta less than or similar to 1 and electric dipole moment constraints still allow an order-one phase for tan beta similar to 1, which gives sufficient room to generate the correct cosmic baryon asymmetry. We also give some prospects in the direct measurements of CP violation in the Higgs sector at the LHC. |

Towards the fate of natural composite Higgs model through single t ' search at the 8 TeV LHC

Li, Jinmian; Liu, Da; Shu, JingSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We analyze the observational potential of single t' production in both the t' -> bW and t' -> th decay channels at 8 TeV LHC using an integrated luminosity of 25 fb(-1). Our analysis is based on a simplified model with minimal coset SO(5)/SO(4) in which the t' is a singlet of the unbroken SO(4). The single t' production, as a consequence of electroweak symmetry breaking, is less kinematically suppressed, associated with a light forward jet and has boosted decay products at the 8 TeV LHC. Therefore it provides the most promising channel in searching for a heavy t'. We have exploited the above kinematical features and used the jet substructure method to reconstruct the boosted Higgs in th decay channel. It is shown that a strong constraint on the t'bW coupling (g(t'bW)/g(tbW,SM) < 0.2 similar to 0.3) at the 95% C. L. can be obtained for m(t') subset of (700, 1000) GeV. |

New insights in the electroweak phase transition in the NMSSM

Huang, Weicong; Kang, Zhaofeng; Shu, Jing; Wu, Peiwen; Yang, Jin MinSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

We perform a detailed semianalytical analysis of the electroweak phase transition (EWPT) property in the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric standard model, which serves as a good benchmark model in which the 126 GeV Higgs mixes with a singlet. In this case, a strongly first-order electroweak phase transition (SFOEWPT) is achieved by the tree-level effects, and the phase transition strength gamma(c) is determined by the vacua energy gap at T = 0. We make an anatomy of the energy gap at both tree level and loop level and extract out a dimensionless phase transition parameter R-kappa equivalent to 4 kappa v(s)/A(kappa), which can replace A(kappa) in the parameterization and affect the light CP-odd/even Higgs spectra. We find that SFOEWPT only occurs in R-kappa similar to -1 and positive R-kappa less than or similar to O(10), which in the non-PQ limit case would prefer either a relatively light CP-odd or CP-even Higgs boson similar to(60, 100) GeV, and therefore serves as a smoking gun signal and requires new search strategies at the LHC. |

Two component dark matter with multi-Higgs portals

Bian, Ligong; Li, Tianjun; Shu, Jing; Wang, Xiao-ChuanSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

With the assistance of two extra groups, i.e., an extra hidden gauge group SU(2)(D) and a global U(1) group, we propose a two component dark matter (DM) model. After the symmetry SU(2)(D) x U(1) being broken, we obtain both the vector and scalar DM candidates. The two DM candidates communicate with the standard model (SM) via three Higgs as multi-Higgs portals. The three Higgs are mixing states of the SM Higgs, the Higgs of the hidden sector and real part of a supplement complex scalar singlet. We study relic density and direct detection of DM in three scenarios. The resonance behaviors and interplay between the two component DM candidates are represented through investigating of the relic density in the parameter spaces of the two DMs masses. The electroweak precision parameters constrains the two Higgs portals couplings (lambda(m) and delta(2)). The relevant vacuum stability and naturalness problem in the parameter space of lambda(m) and delta(2) are studied as well. The model could alleviate these two problems in some parameter spaces under the constraints of electroweak precision observables and Higgs indirect search. |

Interpretation of the Galactic Center excess and electroweak phase transition in the NMSSM

Bi, Xiao-Jun; Bian, Ligong; Huang, Weicong; Shu, Jing; Yin, Peng-FeiSubjects: Physics >> The Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields

The gamma-ray excess observed by the Fermi-LAT in the Galactic Center can be interpreted by the dark matter annihilation to b (b) over bar via a light pseudoscalar in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric standard model (NMSSM). It is interesting to note that the corresponding singlet scalar is useful to achieve a strongly first-order phase transition required by the electroweak baryogenesis. In this paper, we investigate the possibility that the NMSSM model can simultaneously accommodate these two issues. The phase transition strength can be characterized by the vacua energy gap at zero temperature and be sufficiently enhanced by the tree-level effect in the NMSSM. We find that the annihilation of singlino/Higgsino dark matter (DM) particles occurring close to the light pseudoscalar resonance is favored by the Galactic Center excess and the observed DM relic density, and some resulting regions in the parameter space with a small kappa/lambda. and a negative A. can simultaneously account for a successful strongly first-order electroweak phase transition. |