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1. chinaXiv:201703.00921 [pdf]

Direct observation of phase transformation in MnAl(C) alloys

P.Z.Si; H. D. Qian; C. J. Choi; J. Park; S. H. Han; H. L. Ge; K. P. Shinde
分类: 材料科学 >> 电子、光学、磁材料

The phase transformation in two modes, including both displacive and massive growth of τ-phase from ε-MnAl(C), was in situ observed. Temperature dependence of magnetization curves of MnAl(C) under magnetic field were employed for the first time to determine the triggering temperatures of different phase transformation modes. The displacive growth of ε→τ in MnAl(MnAlC) occurs at temperatures below 650 K(766 K), above which both modes coexist. One third or less of the ε-phase can be transformed into τ via displacive mode while the remaining two thirds or more via massive mode. Most large τ-grains formed via massive mode are actually containing a large number of well-distributed τ-nanocrystallline formed via displacive mode. The typical massive growth rate of the τ-phase is 8-60 nm/s, while the displacive growth rate is quite low. The doping of C to MnAl prevents the growth of ε-phase along the basal plane and thus increases the activation temperatures of the phase transformations and the decomposition of τ-phase. Pure τ-phase with highest magnetizations up to 118.3 Am2/kg was obtained. No decomposition was observed in τ-MnAl and τ-MnAl(C) after long-time annealing at selected temperatures, which are crucial in preventing the metastable τ phase from decomposition. These results provide a more complete understanding of the ε→τ phase transformations and thus facilitate the development of high-performance MnAl-based magnets.

提交时间: 2017-03-29 点击量1078下载量635 评论 0

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