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1. chinaXiv:202001.00118 [pdf]

政府无形类文化关注度对空气质量的预测作用

龚园超; 韩艺斐; 朱廷劭
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

随着中国经济社会的发展,环境问题日益突出,尤其是空气质量常常引起人们担忧。而中国文化中抽象精神层面内容即无形类文化(如价值观、意识形态、社会准则等等)倡导人与自然和谐共处,对于提高环保意识、促进亲环境行为具有重要的作用。为了探究政府对无形类文化的关注度是否有助于环境问题改善,本研究采用词频分析法对1978年-2009年人民日报无形类文化关键词进行年度词频统计代表政府对无形类文化的关注度,利用对应同期客观可吸入颗粒PM2.5和PM10浓度年增长率作为空气质量状况指标考量环境质量,使用多元线性回归构建预测模型。结果表明,在控制了政府对科技的关注度和年度GDP总量后,政府对无形类文化的关注度可以负向预测PM2.5和PM10浓度年增长率,即绿色发展水平提高。

submitted time 2020-01-21 Hits126Downloads65 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202001.00120 [pdf]

基于微博大数据分析内外取向言语暴力行为与生活满意度的关系

宋茜; 王晓宇; 王子玥; 闫海江; 朱廷劭
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

对于暴力行为,以往研究多针对实际暴力行为,而随着社交网络的日益发达,网络言语暴力行为由于其影响程度的加深和波及范围的增大也得到更多的关注和探究。本研究基于挫折-攻击理论,认为网络言语暴力除了通俗意义上的“向外言语暴力”,还存在着“向内言语暴力”。研究通过微博大数据,使用文本分析的方法,旨在探究不同取向的言语暴力和生活满意度之间的关系。研究结果发现,内取向言语暴力次数对数值与生活满意度呈负相关(r=-0.167,p<0.001),外取向暴力次数对数值与生活满意度相关系数为0.031,但是相关不显著(p=0.089)。较低的内取向言语暴力和较高的外取向言语暴力能够显著预测生活满意度。

submitted time 2020-01-20 Hits95Downloads55 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:202001.00075 [pdf]

基于大规模古文语料库的词典构建及分词技术研究

邢付贵; 朱廷劭
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

古文献的研究有助于传统文化的继承与发扬,而古文分词则是利用自然语言处理技术对古文献进行分析的重要环节,但由于缺少规范的数据资料而没有像现代汉语分词取得突破性进展。当前互联网拥有大量古汉语文本和词典方面的数据资料,但是这些数据分散,没有得到有效地整合。本文提出采集互联网非结构化古汉语数据,经过数据清洗和预处理抽取出一个古汉语基础词典,然后再利用互信息、信息熵、位置成词概率相结合的新词发现方法从大规模古籍文本中抽取古汉语候补词典,最终将基础词典与候补词典融合,利用正向最大匹配实现对古文的分词。与开源的分词器甲言在基于词典的分词方面比较后F值提高了14%,取得了良好的效果,结果证明本文构建的分词器可以应用在古汉语文本分词上。

submitted time 2020-01-07 Hits1065Downloads104 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201912.00027 [pdf]

古文LIWC词典的构建及初步分析

范妙榕; 邢付贵; 刘兴云; 朱廷劭
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

[背景]LIWC(基于语词计量的文本分析)以关键词的词频统计为基础,可对个体和群体的表达语句的心理学意义等方面进行量化分析。由于文言文的表达方式与现代汉语存在明显的差异,为了分析文言文文本的心理学意义,我们在简体中文LIWC词典(Simplified Chinese LIWC 2015年版本, 简称SC-LIWC)的基础上,构建了古文LIWC(Classical Chinese LIWC,以下简称CC-LIWC)词典。[目的]本研究的目的是探究如何构建CC-LIWC词典并介绍如何使用该词典对古文文本进行分析。[方法]获取在线汉语词典的全部词汇及其对应解释,保留文言文词及其现代文译文,并从译文中寻找SC-LIWC词,将SC-LIWC词与文言文词进行匹配。对匹配结果进行人工标注,确保结果的一致性与准确性。[结果]最终生成的CC-LIWC包含了81个词类与49136个文言文词条。[局限]古文中一词多义、一词多性的情况较为普遍,对词典中词汇的分类存在一定影响。[结论]使用CC-LIWC对《论语(节选)》、《孤愤》进行词频分析,分析结果体现了儒家的中庸与法家的注重逻辑辩证的区别,说明CC-LIWC词典能够有效区分文本的表达倾向。

submitted time 2019-12-20 Hits862Downloads154 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201911.00010 [pdf]

社交电商中的社交-消费转换机制

谢菊兰; 李见; 陈春燕; 龚艳萍
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

社交情境和消费情境之间可以相互转换是社交电商的重要特征,然而这种相互转换在现有社交电商采纳行为研究中却没有得到应有的重视。社交-消费转换概念的提出很好地弥补了上述研究不足。社交-消费转换是指用户从社交情境到消费情境的转换过程。基于边界理论,从社群和用户两方面系统分析社交-消费转换的影响因素与促进机制,有望构建体现社交电商专属特性的新理论,帮助人们更加完整地理解社交电商采纳行为,并为促进社交-消费转换提供切实可行的实践建议。研究内容具体包括以下四个方面:⑴社交电商中社交-消费转换的内涵与外延;⑵社群边界整合供给对整合型社交边界与社交-消费转换的影响;⑶用户边界分割偏好对整合型社交边界与社交-消费转换的影响;⑷社群边界定制氛围对整合型社交边界与社交-消费转换关系的调节作用。

submitted time 2019-11-11 Hits981Downloads215 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201910.00043 [pdf]

心理学在社会治理中的应用

胡平; 王雪珺; 张银普; 李昊健
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

在社会心理服务体系建设中,心理学到底起着什么样的作用?怎样才能更好地构建全面系统的多主体社会心理服务体系?在社会心理服务体系建设中如何推动心理学自身的发展?这些问题一直受到广大心理学者的关注。以复原力为例,通过对个体、团队以及社区心理复原力的建设路径的理论总结,加上实践案例,以期为社会心理服务体系建设提供知识借鉴与参考,并反思心理学在此过程中的作用与角色,期望通过整合其在社会支持体系中的应用,推动心理学在社会服务体系中的应用。

submitted time 2019-10-17 Hits2579Downloads255 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:201909.00192 [pdf]

CAN4Age: Chinese affective norms for 4-character words rated by older and younger adults

Liu, Pingping; Lu, Qin; Zhang, Zhen; Han, Buxin
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

Age-related differences in affective meanings of words are widely used by researchers studying emotions, word recognition, attention, memory and text -based sentiment analysis. However, no Chinese affective norms for older adults are available. This article firstly presents the available large-scale Chinese affective norms for 2, 061 4-character words rated in labs by 114 older and 150 younger adults (CAN4Age) who evaluated these words on four dimensions: valence, arousal, dominance, and familiarity. We also compiled 4 lexical variables for each word, including word frequency, word complexity, character frequency and character complexity. In general, older adults tend to evaluate emotional words more extremely than younger adults do. That is, they rate positive words as more positive and negative words as more negative than younger adults do. Specifically, older adults tend to perceive positive words as more arousing and less controllable and negative words as less arousing and more controllable than that of younger adults. This age-related database will enable researchers to study how emotional characteristics of words influence their cognitive processing, and how this influence evolves with age in Chinese. This age-related difference study on affective norms not only provides insights to cognitive neuroscience, gerontology and psychology in experimental studies, but the produced affective word collection also has great value as a resource for affective analysis in natural language processing applications. These norms can be downloaded as supplemental materials with this published article.

submitted time 2019-09-18 Hits2076Downloads197 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201908.00037 [pdf]

基于认知机制的有条件自动驾驶接管过程中的人因问题

杨振; 马舒; 章薇; 史金磊
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

自动驾驶能在很大程度上缓解现代交通问题并提升驾驶舒适度。有条件自动驾驶下,驾驶员可执行非驾驶相关任务但需要在系统无法处理的状况下接管车辆。在这一关键过程中,驾驶员需要进行注意转换并获得情境意识以成功接管。已有研究表明,接管请求、非驾驶相关任务、驾驶情景及驾驶员因素是影响接管过程重要因素。未来可从认知机制角度研究各因素对接管过程产生的影响,以及探究接管过程中各因素之间可能存在的交互作用。

submitted time 2019-08-23 Hits2187Downloads232 Comment 0

9. chinaXiv:201905.00002 [pdf]

Females Meditate and Males Play Games: Gender Differences in the Benefits of Meditation Training

Wang, Yuzheng; Chen, Yahong; Sun, Yuqi; Zhang, Ke; Wang, Ning; Sun, Yabin; Lin, Xiaoxiao; Wang, Jinyan; Luo, Fei
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

Although extensive research has shown the benefits of meditation on attention, evidence for the benefits of short-term meditation training remains scarce. In addition, prior studies on these benefits have included considerably more females than males, potentially concealing gender differences in attention training effects. Here we present a longitudinal study including equal-sample male and female participants to explore potential gender differences in short-term meditation training effects on an attentional blink (AB) task. One hundred and sixty-five college students were randomly divided into three groups: meditation training, video game training and control (no training). Participants were asked to complete the Five-Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and to rate their level of emotional state and time spent on video game playing per day. Participants then completed a 4-day, 20-min training including meditation training, video game training, or a waiting period (control). After training, participants rated their arousal state and emotional state, and performed the AB task. Results showed that participants who completed either short-term meditation training or video game training showed significant improvement on AB performance. Interestingly, meditation training was more effective in females, while video game training was more effective in males. Meditation training, but not video game training, decreased anxiety scores. The current results indicate that gender plays an important role in the benefits of attention training. It is essential that clinicians take gender into consideration when implementing meditation based therapy.

submitted time 2019-05-05 Hits3288Downloads343 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:201904.00088 [pdf]

公平或是利益:权力对分配公平感的影响

孙倩; 龙长权; 王修欣; 刘永芳
Subjects: Psychology >> Applied Psychology

通过3个实验逐步考察了高、低权力个体对三种分配方案(公平/劣势不公平/优势不公平)的公平感。结果发现:(1)被试的公平评级从高到低依次为公平、优势不公平、劣势不公平,做出评级的反应时则从快到慢依次为公平、劣势不公平、优势不公平;(2)相对于低权力被试,高权力被试对劣势不公平分配的公平评级更低,而对公平分配和优势不公平分配的公平评级更高,且做出公平判断的反应时更短。基于这些结果,作者提出了公平与利益权衡的公平优先效应及权力的自我增强假设,以更好地理解权力和公平的本质及二者的关系。

submitted time 2019-04-15 Hits4626Downloads465 Comment 0

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