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1. chinaXiv:202004.00026 [pdf]

Learning an Adaptive Model for Extreme Low-light Raw Image Processing

付清旭; 遆晓光; 张雨1
Subjects: Computer Science >> Computer Application Technology

Low-light images suffer from severe noise and low illumination. Current deep learning models that are trained with real-world images have excellent noise reduction, but a ratio parameter must be chosen manually to complete the enhancement pipeline. In this work, we propose an adaptive low-light raw image enhancement network to avoid parameter-handcrafting and to improve image quality. The proposed method can be divided into two sub-models: Brightness Prediction (BP) and Exposure Shifting (ES). The former is designed to control the brightness of the resulting image by estimating a guideline exposure time t 1 . The latter learns to approximate an exposure-shifting operator ES, converting a low-light image with real exposure time t 0 to a noise-free image with guideline exposure time t 1 . Additionally, structural similarity (SSIM) loss and Image Enhancement Vector (IEV) are introduced to promote image quality, and a new Campus Image Dataset (CID) is proposed to overcome the limitations of the existing datasets and to supervise the training of the proposed model. In quantitative tests, it is shown that the proposed method has the lowest Noise Level Estimation (NLE) score compared with BM3D-based low-light algorithms, suggesting a superior denoising performance. Furthermore, those tests illustrate that the proposed method is able to adaptively control the global image brightness according to the content of the image scene. Lastly, the potential application in video processing is briefly discussed.

submitted time 2020-04-14 Hits6390Downloads471 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202003.00048 [pdf]

自监督图像增强网络:仅需低照度图像进行训练

张雨; 遆晓光; 张斌; 王春晖
Subjects: Computer Science >> Other Disciplines of Computer Science

本文提出了一种基于深度学习的自监督低照度图像增强方法。受信息熵理论和Retinex模型的启发,我们提出了一种基于信息熵最大的Retinex模型。利用该模型,一个非常简单的网络可以将照度图和反射图分离开来,且仅用低照度图像就可以进行训练。为了实现自监督学习,我们在模型中引入了一个约束条件:反射图的最大值通道与低照度图像的最大值通道一致,且其熵最大。我们的模型非常简单,不依赖任何精心设计的数据集(即使是一张低照度图像也能完成网络的训练),网络仅需进行分钟级的训练即可实现图像增强。实验证明,该方法在处理速度和效果上均达到了当前最新水平。

submitted time 2020-03-06 Hits14245Downloads624 Comment 1

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