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1. chinaXiv:202002.00063 [pdf]

Perspectives on Active Preventive Measures of Wuhan People against COVID-19 Epidemic at Home: A Comparative Study

zhidong,Xue; Lei,Zhao; Tailang,Yin; Yan,Fu; Zehua,Lyu; yiping,Dang; Yujiang,Zeng; Silou,Huang; Bing,Qu; Hongya,Lyu; Chen,Huang; Zhiyou,Kong; Kepei,Xu; Feipeng,Zhou; Hexun,Dong; He,Hu; Jing,Tang; Senyuan,Xue; Zhixiang,Fang; Jinxiang,Lu
Subjects: Computer Science >> Computer Application Technology

Background:The COVID-19 Epidemic emerged in Wuhan, Hubei province, China. Ever since Wuhan lockdown on January 23rd, mass quarantines were exercised on Wuhan and other epidemic areas of China. We aimed to clarify how ordinary Wuhan people defend against COVID-19 epidemic at home through the Internet survey. Methods:A questionnaire survey, consisting of 30 questions were posted on the Internet. The following aspects were investigated: household preventive measures, self-monitoring of discomfort symptoms, immunity boosting against the epidemic, frequency and reasons of outgoing and mental status of the isolated people. The questionnaire was circulated on Wechat. We marked the areas based on the surveyed network IP addresses and categorized respondents into group A(Wuhan), B(Hubei Province excluding Wuhan ), C, and D based on the epidemic severity of their areas announced by Baidu.com at 17:00 on February 8, 2020. And a comparative study was conducted to illustrate how Wuhan people took the anti-COVID-19 strategies and how efficient these preventive measures were. Findings:In terms of discomfort symptoms, Wuhan, as Group A, had the lowest asymptomatic percentages (70.2%), compared to the average 78.5% (±7%). Considering the three typical symptoms for the COVID-19, i.e., cough, fever and fatigue, Wuhan (9.67%) greatly deviated from the average (7.68%). The fatigue was the most significant factor in the deviation, exceeding the average by 1.35%. In terms of household protection measures, most people or families were able to take effective protection measures with very low frequency of going out, but the percentage of those who took this practice was obviously smaller in Wuhan and Hubei Province. From the aspect of going out, most of the people in Wuhan only went out for shopping and work, with a small number of people for social gathering. In terms of immunity boosting, compared with Group C and D, it was relatively lower in Wuhan. Overall, most people chose to enhance their immunity through regular schedule, exercise, sufficient nutrition. Only 33.44% of people in Group A did not go out, and 59.97% had to go out for living supplies, which was the highest level among the four groups. However, the percentage of people who went out for work and unnecessary activities remains the lowest while 1% of the population went out for public welfare activities, higher than other groups. Worry about the family health topped all the parameters for all the groups. Among them, Wuhan has reached a maximum of 49.61%, higher than the average level of 36.62% (± 10.69%). Mental status except for feeling bored and lonely were the highest in Wuhan. Suggestions:When the epidemic prevention and control is still in a sticky state, and Wuhan started a stricter control measure, the closed management of communities, on Feb 11, 2020, it is expected that our findings can provide some insights into the current household preventive actions and arouse more attentions of the public to some ignored preventive precautions. Unnecessary outgoing should be strictly abandoned. Regular schedule, exercises and nutrition were the top 3 measures participants would choose to enhance their own immunity system. It seems that people in Wuhan would choose nutrition and regular scheduler rather than exercises as the primary immunity-boosting ways. Exercise should be especially advocated as an effective way to enhance the immunity system. In terms of physical condition, people in Wuhan should take more active measures when symptoms occurred. The mentality is also an important aspect requiring intensive attention with the conduct of stricter control management in Wuhan while the rest groups gradually resume to work and ordinary life.

submitted time 2020-02-24 Hits6257Downloads358 Comment 0

2. chinaXiv:202001.00077 [pdf]

基于机器学习的住宅楼盘造型风格分类与预测研究

夏冰; 时慧; 陈思充; 陈佳楣; 李欣
Subjects: Civil Engineering and Building Construction >> Civil Construction Engineering

[目的]本文在回顾已有建筑造型风格研究的基础上,提出针对住宅楼盘风格分类与预测的方法。 [方法] 研究通过对一线设计师和项目策划者的结构化访谈和问卷调查,提炼出影响建筑风格的关键造型要素,以及可能影响风格定位的场地经济因素。基于机器学习(聚类分析、对应分析和判别分析等)对杭州市近十年的372个新建楼盘案例进行数据分析。 [结果]研究发现:目前常见的楼盘风格可以分为8大类;风格分类最重要的造型要素是形体有无曲线、屋顶形式和色调丰富性;而建筑高度是对住宅风格影响最大的场地经济因素;将遴选出的5项场地经济因素输入神经网络模型训练并进行造型变量和风格类别的预测,平均准确率可以达到77.2%。 [局限] 研究中所采用的机器学习的分类方法如果能进一步与人对不同风格的感受研究相结合并进行验证,可以使结论更加完整并具有实际应用价值。 [结论] 本研究的结论可以帮助项目设计和策划人员在提高建筑风格选择和定位的科学性。

submitted time 2020-01-08 Hits1175Downloads170 Comment 0

3. chinaXiv:201906.00045 [pdf]

A cultivated area forecasting approach in artificial oases under climate change and human activities

ZHANG Shaobo; CHEN Fulong
Subjects: Geosciences >> Geography

The cultivated area in artificial oases is deeply influenced by global climate change and human activities. Thus, forecasting cultivated area in artificial oases under climate change and human activities is of great significance. In this study, an approach named GD-HM-PSWROAM, consisting of general circulation model downscaling (GD), hydrological model (HM), and planting structure and water resource optimal allocation model (PSWROAM), was developed and applied in the irrigation district of the Manas River Basin in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China to forecast the cultivated area tendency. Furthermore, the catchment export of the MIKE11 HD/NAM model was set to the Kensiwate hydrological station. The results show that the downscaling effects of temperature can be fairly satisfying, while those of precipitation may be not satisfying but acceptable. Simulation capacity of the MIKE11 HD/NAM model on the discharge in the Kensiwate hydrological station can meet the requirements of running the PSWROAM. The accuracy of the PSWROAM indicated that this model can perform well in predicting the change of cultivated area at the decadal scale. The cultivated area in the Manas River Basin under current human activities may be generally decreasing due to the climate change. But the adverse effects of climate change can be weakened or even eliminated through positive human activities. The cultivated area in the Manas River Basin may even be increasing under assumed human activities and future climate scenarios. The effects of human activities in the future can be generally predicted and quantified according to the cultivated area trends under current human activities and the situations in the study area. Overall, it is rational and acceptable to forecast the cultivated area tendency in artificial oases under future climate change and human activities through the GD-HM-PSWROAM approach.

submitted time 2019-06-20 From cooperative journals:《Journal of Arid Land》 Hits7565Downloads350 Comment 0

4. chinaXiv:201809.00165 [pdf]

Estimation of net primary productivity and its driving factors in the Ili River Valley, China

JIAO, Wei; CHEN, Yaning; LI, Weihong; ZHU, Chenggang; LI, Zhi
Subjects: Geosciences >> History of Geosciences

Net primary productivity (NPP), as an important variable and ecological indicator in grassland ecosystems, can reflect environmental change and the carbon budget level. The Ili River Valley is a wetland nestled in the hinterland of the Eurasian continent, which responds sensitively to the global climate change. Understanding carbon budget and their responses to climate change in the ecosystem of Ili River Valley has a significant effect on the adaptability of future climate change and sustainable development. In this study, we calculated the NPP and analyzed its spatio-temporal pattern of the Ili River Valley during the period 2000–2014 using the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and an improved Carnegie-Ames-Stanford (CASA) model. Results indicate that validation showed a good performance of CASA over the study region, with an overall coefficient of determination (R2) of 0.65 and root mean square error (RMSE) of 20.86 g C/(m2•a). Temporally, annual NPP of the Ili River Valley was 599.19 g C/(m2•a) and showed a decreasing trend from 2000 to 2014, with an annual decrease rate of –3.51 g C/(m2•a). However, the spatial variation was not consistent, in which 55.69% of the areas showed a decreasing tendency, 12.60% of the areas remained relatively stable and 31.71% appeared an increasing tendency. In addition, the decreasing trends in NPP were not continuous throughout the 15-year period, which was likely being caused by a shift in climate conditions. Precipitation was found to be the dominant climatic factor that controlled the inter-annual variability in NPP. Furthermore, the correlations between NPP and climate factors differed along the vertical zonal. In the medium-high altitudes of the Ili River Valley, the NPP was positively correlated to precipitation and negatively correlated to temperature and net radiation. In the low-altitude valley and high-altitude mountain areas, the NPP showed a negative correlation with precipitation and a weakly positive correlation with temperature and net radiation. The results suggested that the vegetation of the Ili River Valley degraded in recent years, and there was a more complex mechanism of local hydrothermal redistribution that controlled the growth of vegetation in this valley ecosystem.

submitted time 2018-09-18 From cooperative journals:《Journal of Arid Land》 Hits1899Downloads404 Comment 0

5. chinaXiv:201809.00161 [pdf]

Modified Newtonian Dynamics with Inverse Dissipation Potential as an Alternative to Dark Matter and Dark Energy

胡锦文
Subjects: Astronomy >> Astrophysics

This paper introduces the inverse dissipation potential into the Newtonian Dynamic equation and studies the motion equations of the objects in the isolated gravitational system. It is found that at large scales it can derive the dynamical equation of cosmic expansion similar to the ΛCDM model and yield the flat rotation curves for spiral galaxy. Different from the usual dark matter models, the derived flat rotation curves are the result of time accumulation rather than the direct action of mechanics. And the Tully-Fisher relationship is also discussed, it is found that the basic constant a0 in the MOND model and the form of the function μ have a clear corresponding physical significance in the model of this paper.

submitted time 2018-09-16 Hits2971Downloads438 Comment 0

6. chinaXiv:201712.00278 [pdf]

Herpes simplex virus-mediated RNA interference targeting vesicular glutamate transporter 3 attenuates tactile allodynia in mice

LIU Jieqiong; LI Chenhong; LUO Qiong; YIN Pingping; LEI Tao; LUO Fang
Subjects: Medicine, Pharmacy >> Preclinical Medicine

Objective To construct a replication-deficient herpes simplex virus (HSV-1) for delivering a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) targeting vesicular glutamate transporter 3 (VGLUT3) and observe its effect in alleviating allodynia in mice. Methods The recombinant HSV-1 vector carrying the shRNA targeting Vglut3 (HSV-1-shvglut3) was constructed and inoculated in the sciatic nerve in a mouse model of mechanical allodynia to test its analgesia effect. Mechanical allodynia and heat hypersensitivity of the mice were tested by von Frey filaments and Hargreaves' test, respectively. VGLUT3 expression in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Results Following inoculation in the sciatic nerve, the HSV vector HSV-1-shvglut3 was retrogradely transported to the DRG. Mechanical withdraw thresholds of the mouse models receiving HSV-1-shvglut3 inoculation were reversed to nearly the baseline level, and VGLUT3 expression in the DRG was down-regulated 2 weeks after vector inoculation. The analgesic effect lasted for over 2 weeks in these mice without obvious systematic side effects or changes in heat hypersensitivity threshold. Conclusion Vglut3 in the DRG is a promising therapeutic target for alleviating mechanical allodynia, and HSV-1 vector-mediated RNA interference is safe and efficient for inducing long-lasting analgesia after peripheral inoculation of the vector.

submitted time 2017-12-21 From cooperative journals:《南方医科大学学报》 Hits296Downloads167 Comment 0

7. chinaXiv:201711.02301 [pdf]

Quark chiral condensate from the overlap quark propagator

Chao Wang; Yujiang Bi; Hao Cai; Ying Chen; Ming Gong; Zhaofeng Liu
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

From the overlap lattice quark propagator calculated in the Landau gauge, we determine the quark chiral condensate by fitting operator product expansion formulas to the lattice data. The quark propagators are computed on domain wall fermion configurations generated by the RBC-UKQCD Col-laborations with Nf = 2 + 1 flavors. Three ensembles with different light sea quark masses are used at one lattice spacing 1/a = 1.75(4) GeV. We obtain ψ¯ψMS(2 GeV) = (−305(15)(21) MeV)3 in the SU(2) chiral limit.

submitted time 2017-11-10 Hits179Downloads113 Comment 0

8. chinaXiv:201705.00526 [pdf]

Multi-responsive nanocomposite hydrogels with high strength and toughness

Yang, JL [Yang, Jingli][ 1,2 ]; Liu, S [Liu, Shuang][ 1,2 ]; Xiao, Y [Xiao, Ying][ 2 ]; Gao, GR [Gao, Guorong][ 2 ]; Sun, YN [Sun, Yuanna][ 2 ]; Guo, QZ [Guo, Qingzhong][ 1 ]; Wu, JY [Wu, Jiangyu][ 1 ]; Fu, J [Fu, Jun][ 2 ]
Subjects: Physics >> General Physics: Statistical and Quantum Mechanics, Quantum Information, etc.

Multi-responsive hydrogels with high strength have great significance for potential applications in smart soft devices. However, it remains a challenge to incorporate multiple responsive moieties with energy dissipation mechanisms. Herein, multi-responsive nanocomposite hydrogels with high compressive strength and toughness were synthesized via in situ copolymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) and acryloyloxyethyltrimethyl ammonium chloride (DAC) in an aqueous dispersion of exfoliated LAPONITEs RDS with a minute amount of N,N0-methylenebisacrylamide (MBAA) as a crosslinker. The combined use of clay and MBAA is demonstrated to be favorable for the high strength and toughness, and helped in avoiding precipitation of clay nanosheets, which otherwise occurred upon addition of cationic DAC. The effect of the NIPAM/DAC molar ratio, MBAA and clay contents on the properties of the hydrogels has been systematically investigated. Compression tests showed a compressive strength up to 6.2 MPa, with fracture strain higher than 90%. The presence of ionic DAC moieties in the hydrogels rendered a very high swelling ratio up to 40 (g g 1). These hydrogels were responsive to temperature changes due to the presence of NIPAM units, with the transition temperature (Ttrans) dependent on the molar ratio of NIPAM and DAC monomers. The internal electrostatic repulsion of the NIPAM/DAC copolymer network changed upon exposure to solutions with different pH and/or ion strength. Cyclic swelling–shrinking was demonstrated by shuttling the gels between pure water and 0.1 mol L 1 NaCl solution.

submitted time 2017-05-02 Hits211Downloads136 Comment 0

10. chinaXiv:201703.00583 [pdf]

Detection of helium in irradiated Fe9Cr alloys by coincidence Doppler broadening of slow positron annihilation

Xingzhong Cao; Te Zhu; Shuoxue Jin; Peng Kuang; Peng Zhang; Eryang Lu; Yihao Gong; Liping Guo; Baoyi Wang
Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties

An element analysis method, coincidence Doppler broadening spectroscopy of slow positron annihilation, was employed to detect helium in ion irradiated Fe9Cr alloys. Spectra with higher peak to background ratio were recorded using a two-HPGe-detector coincidence measuring system. It means that information in the high-momentum area of the spectra can be used to identify helium in metals. This identification is not entirely dependent on the helium concentration in the specimens, but is related to the structure and microscopic arrangement of atoms surrounding the positron annihilation site. The results of Doppler broadening spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy show that vacancies and dislocations were formed in ion irradiated specimens. Thermal helium desorption spectrometry was performed to obtain the types of He traps.

submitted time 2017-03-26 Hits807Downloads479 Comment 0

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