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Subjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

The shapes of light normal nuclei and Λ hypernuclei are investigated in the (β,γ) deformation plane by using a newly developed constrained relativistic mean field (RMF) model. As examples, the results of some C, Mg, and Si nuclei are presented and discussed in details. We found that for normal nuclei the present RMF calculations and previous Skyrme-Hartree-Fock models predict similar trends of the shape evolution with the neutron number increasing. But some quantitative aspects from these two approaches, such as the depth of the minimum and the softness in the γ direction, differ a lot for several nuclei. For Λ hypernuclei, in most cases, the addition of a Λ hyperon alters slightly the location of the ground state minimum towards the direction of smaller β and softer γ in the potential energy surface E ? (β,γ). There are three exceptions, namely, 13C, 23C, and ΛΛ 31Si in which the polarization effect of the additional Λ is so strong that the shapes of these three Λ hypernuclei are drastically different from their corresponding core nuclei. |

Subjects: Physics >> Nuclear Physics

For the first time the potential energy surfaces of actinide nuclei in the (β20, β22, β30) deformation space are obtained from a multi-dimensional constrained covariant density functional theory. With this newly developed theory we are able to explore the importance of the triaxial and octupole shapes simultaneously along the whole fission path. It is found that besides the octupole deformation, the triaxiality also plays an important role upon the second fission barriers. The outer barrier as well as the inner barrier are lowered by the triaxial deformation compared with axially symmetric results. This lowering effect for the reflection asymmetric outer barrier is 0.5 ? 1 MeV, accounting for 10 ? 20% of the barrier height. With the inclusion of the triaxial deformation, a good agreement with the data for the outer barriers of actinide nuclei is achieved. |

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