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Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

Cubic helimagnet FeGe has emerged as a class of skyrmion materials near room temperature that may impact future information technology. Experimentally identifying the detailed properties of skyrmion materials enables their practical application acceleratedly. Here we study the magnetic entropy change (MEC) of single crystalline FeGe in its precursor region and clarify its close relation to the critical exponents of a second-order phase transition in this area. The maximum MEC is found to be 2.86 J/kg.K for 7.0 T magnetic field change smaller than that of common magnetocaloric materials indicating the multiplicity and complexity of the magnetic structure phases in the precursor region. This result also implies that the competition among the multimagnetic phases can partly counteract the magnetic field driven force and establishes a stable balance. Based on the obtained MEC and the critical exponents, the exact Curie temperature of single crystalline FeGe under zero magnetic field is confirmed to be 279.1 K, higher than previously reported 278.2 K. This finding pave the way for reconstruction of FeGe phase diagram in the precursor region. |

submitted time
2017-11-27
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Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

The magnetic entropy change [ΔSM(T;H)] around the phase transition temperature TC is investigated by the scaling method for Fe0:5Co0:5Si, which exhibits a skyrmion phase below TC. The parameters of ΔSM(T;H) exhibit field dependent behaviors. The ΔSM(T;H) curves under high field can be well scaled into a single universal curve independent of external field and temperature. However, ΔSM(T;H) curves under low field become divergent just below TC, which indicates a characteristic of first-order transition. The scaling investigation of ΔSM(T;H) curves indicates that the phase transition in Fe0:5Co0:5Si is of a weak first-order type in low field region, while it is driven into a second-order one under high field. This weak first-order phase transition in low field region resembles that in typical skyrmion system MnSi which is caused by the critical fluctuation. The result suggests that critical fluctuation plays an important role in the phase transition and formation of skyrmion state. |

submitted time
2017-11-27
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Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

The magnetism of the single crystal Cr1=3NbS2, which exhibits chiral soliton lattice (CSL) state, is investigated. The magnetization displays strong magnetic anisotropy when the field is applied perpendicularly and parallel to the c-axis in low field region (H < HS, HS is the saturation field). The critical exponents of Cr1=3NbS2 are obtained as β = 0.370(4), γ = 1.380(2), and δ = 4.853(6), which are close to the theoretical prediction of three-dimensional Heisenberg model. Based on the scaling equation and the critical exponents, the H ? T phase diagram in the vicinity of the phase transition is constructed, where two critical points are determined. One is a tricrtical point which locates at the intersection between the CSL, forced ferromagnetic (FFM), and paramagnetic (PM) states. The other one is a critical point situated at the boundaries between CSL, helimagnetic (HM), and PM states. |

submitted time
2017-11-27
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Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

Critical phenomenon of the noncentrosymmetric Cr11Ge19, which exhibits an itinerant ferromagnetic ground state, is investigated by scaling of the magnetic entropy change [ΔSM(T;H)]. It is found that parameters #14;FWHM (the full width at half maximum), ?ΔSmax M (the maximum of the magnetic entropy change), and RCP (the relative cooling power) of ΔSM(T) are governed by the power law of critical exponents. With the critical exponents, ΔSM(T;H) curves are scaled into a universal curve independent of temperature and field, which suggests that the magnetic transition is of a second order type. The universal collapse of ΔSM(T;H) indicates that the critical behavior of Cr11Ge19 can be well described by the scaling laws for the critical phenomenon. Moreover, the ΔSM follows the power law of Hn with n(T;H) = dlnjΔSMj=dln(H). The temperature dependence of n values reach minimum at #24; 71.5 K. Based on the magnetic specific change ΔCp(T;H), the actual magnetic transition temperature is strictly determined as TC = 71:3 #6; 0:2 K for the single crystal Cr11Ge19. |

submitted time
2017-11-27
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Localization induced by pressure in pyrochlore Bi2Ir2O7

张蕾Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

In this work, the resistivity and magnetization of Bi2Ir2O7 are investigated under hydrostatic pressure. At ambient pressure, the resistivity of Bi2Ir2O7 exhibits a metallic behavior with the decrease of temperature. When the pressure is applied, a metal-insulator phase transition at low temperature is induced under a pressure of #24; 0.48 GPa. The metal-insulator phase transition temperature (TMI ) increases linearly with pressure as dTMI/dP = 3.4 #6;0.3 K/GPa. The temperature dependence of resistivity [#26;(T)] in the pressure-induced insulating phase exhibits a thermal activation behavior (#26; = #26;0eΔE=kBT ), where the thermal activation energy (ΔE) increases monotonously with the pressure. Meanwhile, the magnetization is enhanced by the pressure, which indicates an enhancement of magnetic ordering. The results suggest that localization occurs due to the magnetic ordering induced by the pressure, which confirms the magneto-electronic coupling in Bi2Ir2O7 |

submitted time
2017-11-27
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Critical phenomenon of the near room temperature skyrmion material FeGe

张蕾Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

The cubic B20 compound FeGe, which exhibits a near room temperature skyrmion phase, is one of the most promising candidate of the next generation spintronic devices. In this work, the critical behavior of the cubic FeGe is investigated by means of bulk dc-magnetization. We obtain the critical exponents (#12; = 0:336#6;0:004, = 1:352#6;0:003, and #14; = 5:267#6;0:001), where the self-consistency and reliability are verified by the Widom scaling law and scaling equations. The magnetic exchange distance is found to decay as J(r) #25; r?4:9, which is close to the theoretical prediction of 3DHeisenberg model (r?5). The critical behavior of FeGe indicates a short-range magnetic interaction. Meanwhile, the critical exponents also imply an anisotropic magnetic coupling in this system. |

submitted time
2017-11-27
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Spin-dimensionality change induced by Co-doping in the chiral magnet Fe1?xCoxSi

张蕾Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

Dimensionality is one of the most important parameters in determination of the physical properties. Therefore, tuning of effective dimensionality is of significant importance for modulating the functionality of materials. In this work, we find that the spin-dimensionality can be changed by the Co-doing in Fe1?xCoxSi system. Investigation of the critical behavior shows that critical exponents for x = 0.3 agree with the three-dimensional (3D) Heisenberg model with fd : n = 3 : 3g (d is the spatial-dimensionality, and n is the spin-dimensionality). With the increase of Co-content, the critical exponents for x = 0.5 fulfill the 3D-XY model with fd : n = 3 : 2g, while those for x = 0.6 approach the 3D-Ising model with fd : n = 3 : 1g. These results indicate the lowering of the spin-dimensionality with the increase of Co-content in Fe1?xCoxSi. We suggest that the modulation of the spin-dimensionality in Fe1?xCoxSi should be resulted from the enhancement of the anisotropic magnetic interaction induced by the doping of Co. |

The in-plane ferromagnetic ordering in half-metallic CuCr2Se4?xBrx (x=0.25) single crystal

张蕾Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

The transport property of chalcogenide spinel CuCr2Se4 with an itinerant ferromagnetic ground state can be modulated by doping of bromine, where the half-metallic state can be realized around x = 0.25 in CuCr2Se4?xBrx system. In this work, the single crystal CuCr2Se4?xBrx (x =0.25) with the cleave surface (111) plane has been investigated by the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy. The EPR results show that the in-plane magnetization is strong while the out-ofplane one is weak, which indicate that the spins are ferromagnetic ordered within the (111) plane. In addition, the isothermal EPR spectra in the ferromagnetic phase display that the spin coupling strength (λ) and crystal field (ΔCF ) depend on the rotation angle φ as relation λ/ΔCF / cos φ. Moreover, the peak-to-peak linewidth ΔHPP increases linearly with the decrease of temperature, which suggests that the spin-orbit coupling is enhanced linearly with temperature cooling. |

Anisotropic magnetic coupling with a two-dimensional characteristic in noncentrosymmetric Cr11Ge19

张蕾Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

In this work, we successfully synthesize the single crystal Cr11Ge19. The magnetism of the noncentrosymmetric Cr11Ge19 with itinerant ferromagnetic ground state is thoroughly investigated on the single crystal. Based on the variation measurements including the angular rotation, temperature, and magnetic field dependence of magnetization, we find that this material exhibits strong magnetic anisotropy along the c-axis. To clearly reveal the magnetic interactions, the critical behavior is studied using the modified Arrott plot, the Kouvel-Fisher method, and the critical isotherm technique. Combining these different methods, three main critical exponents (β, γ, and δ) are obtained. The critical exponent β is close to the theoretical prediction of a three-dimensional XY model with spin-dimensionality n = 2, indicating two-dimensional magnetic coupling. Meanwhile, the critical exponent γ suggests that the magnetic interaction is of long-range type with magnetic exchange distance decaying as J(r) #25; r?4:61. We propose that the ferromagnetic ground state of Cr11Ge19 is formed by the polarized magnetic moments along the c-axis, while the long-range magnetic coupling is established within the ab plane. |

Scaling investigation of the magnetic entropy change in helimagnet MnSi

张蕾Subjects: Physics >> Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic, and Optical Properties

The B20 compound MnSi exhibits a skyrmion phase in a certain range of temperature (T) and external magnetic ?eld (H) in addition to the helimagnetic ordering. In this work, the magnetic entropy change (?SM) in the single crystal helimagnet MnSi has been investigated by the scaling analysis. The ?SM(T;H) curves in higher ?eld range (2 kOe < H < 5.6 kOe) collapse onto an universal curve after scaling, which is independent of T and H. Based on this universal curve, the ?SM(T;H) (excluding the skyrmion entropy change) at any T and H can be calculated. On the other hand, a small valley is found on the ?SM(T) curve at ? 28.5 K in the ?eld range from ? 1 kOe to ? 2 kOe, which is resulted from the skyrmion phase. Subsequently, the magnetic entropy change of the skyrmion phase [?SskX M (T;H)] can be derived by subtraction of the calculated ?Scal M (T;H) from the experimental ?Sexp M (T;H). The obtained results show that ?SskX M reaches the maximum at ? 1.6 kOe, which indicates the highest number of skyrmion vortices at that ?eld. |

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