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表达性写作应用于社会灾难时期心理救援的理论探讨

A Theoretical Study on the Application of Expressive Writing to Psychological Rescue in Social Disasters

Abstracts

疫情等社会灾难时期,创伤经历者急剧增加,加之交通阻断,传统的心理救援很难及时应对大范围的灾民心理危机;而表达性写作便于心理学工作者大规模实施,且可通过电话、网络等远程通讯工具进行指导,治疗PTSD等心理创伤,改善生理、心理健康。社会灾难时期表达性写作的机制复杂,涉及暴露脱敏、意义重建、自我抽离—自我调节、工作记忆优化和认知神经机制正常化;其疗效受到作者特质、干预时间和写作形式等潜在因素的影响。相应地,未来应结合本土社会文化因素,重视在线干预研究,探索表达性写作相关的认知神经机制,综合不同的生理、心理健康指标评估表达性写作的疗效。

[英文摘要]Social disasters, such as epidemics, bring with them a rapidly increasing number of trauma survivors. Coupled with traffic interruption, it can be challenging for traditional psychological rescue to quickly respond to a wide range of victims of psychological crises. Expressive writing can be easily adopted by psychological workers on a large scale, providing guidance via phones, networks and other telecommunication tools and helping to treat psychological traumas, such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), thereby improving the physical and psychological health. During social disasters, expressive writing shows a complex mechanism, involving exposure desensitization, meaning reconstruction, self-extraction-self-regulation, working memory optimization and normalization of cognitive neural mechanisms. Besides, some factors can potentially affect its curative effect, such as the personality traits of participants, time of intervention and manners of writing. Therefore, more attention should be paid to local social and cultural factors, and more online intervention studies should be conducted in the future. In addition, the cognitive and neural mechanism related to expressive writing should be investigated, and its curative effect should be assessed by employing different physical and psychological indicators.

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From: 邱小燕
DOI:10.12074/202205.00038
Journal:心理科学进展
Recommended references: 邱小燕,葛艳莹,胡超.(2022).表达性写作应用于社会灾难时期心理救援的理论探讨.心理科学进展.[ChinaXiv:202205.00038] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2022-05-10 21:30:50 chinaXiv:202205.00038V1 Download
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