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主观阶层研究取向的贡献与弊端

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近年来社会阶层心理学研究领域对于主观阶层的研究取向高度重视,突出表现为强调社会阶层概念中的主观阶层成分,在理论阐述、概念测量、研究设计和研究问题选择上都倾向于关注主观阶层。这一取向为社会阶层心理学的发展奠定了基础,也扩展了该领域的研究方法及关注问题的视野。但它也造成了部分研究在理论层面与社会现实有所脱节、在概念层面过于忽视客观阶层、在方法层面过于依赖操纵主观阶层,以及在问题层面只关注高低二元阶层划分、对现实阶层多样性关注不足等弊端。未来应进一步深入开展基础研究以厘清客观阶层和主观阶层的关系及其不同的预测效应,在研究设计时对于客观阶层和主观阶层进行更细化的区分,同时可以更多关注于现实中的具体社会问题。

[英文摘要]"Recently, researchers in the field of social class psychology have attached great importance to the research orientation of subjective class. This perspective emphasizes subjective class in understanding the concept of social class, focusing on the subjective aspect in operational definition, research design, and specific issues. Such orientation has laid a theoretical contribution to the development of social class psychology, provided new research methods, and enriched the issues pertaining to this field. However, this perspective also has some potential drawbacks. In theory, it sometimes fails to accurately reflect the social reality. Conceptually, some studies tend to ignore the effect of objective class. In terms of methods, some studies pay attention only to the experimental manipulation of subjective class and neglect other research designs. Moreover, this perspective tends to examine only the difference between the higher- and lower-class individuals, and it does not pay more attention to the diversity of social class in the society. Future research should clarify further the relationship between objective and subjective classes, as well as the different predicting effects of the two variables. As for research design, future studies may need to make a more detailed distinction and measurement of subjective and objective classes. Furthermore, researchers should pay more attention to specific social issue.

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From: 杨沈龙
DOI:10.12074/202205.00029
Recommended references: 杨沈龙,饶婷婷,喻丰,郭永玉.(2022).主观阶层研究取向的贡献与弊端.[ChinaXiv:202205.00029] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2022-05-12 02:01:23 chinaXiv:202205.00029V1 Download
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