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基于仿真气球冒险任务(BART)的风险决策研究

Risk-taking research based on the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART)

Abstracts

仿真气球冒险任务(The Balloon Analog Risk Task, BART)能在实验室环境下模拟真实世界的风险情境,具有高生态性,稳定性和可靠性等优点,已经成为风险决策研究的中最常用的实验范式之一。近年来,研究者发展了多种BART变体范式,对发展、健康以及精神病理等多领域的风险决策行为及其神经基础开展了广泛探索。BART任务中的风险决策加工与腹侧纹状体、前扣带皮层、脑岛、中脑及背外侧前额叶等脑区的激活相关。未来研究需要进一步完善BART任务在风险决策认知神经领域的信效度并扩展BART的应用情境。
[英文摘要]The Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART) can well simulate real world risk-taking situations in the laboratory environment. Due to its high ecological validity, reliability and stability, the BART paradigm has become one of the most widely used paradigms for risky decision-making research. Recently, researchers have developed multiple variants of the BART paradigm and explored risk-taking behavior and neural correlates in developmental, health, and pathological fields. Risk-taking in the BART is associated with activations in multiple brain regions including the ventral striatum, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), insula, midbrain and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. Future studies need to further improve the reliability and stability of the BART for cognitive neuroscience research and expand its application scope.
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From: 邓尧
DOI:10.12074/202112.00038
Recommended references: 邓尧,王梦梦,饶恒毅.(2021).基于仿真气球冒险任务(BART)的风险决策研究.[ChinaXiv:202112.00038] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2021-12-03 22:51:48 chinaXiv:202112.00038V1 Download
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