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Neuroanatomical correlates of individual differences in self-awareness of highly practiced visuomotor skills


Metacognition refers to the ability to introspect our cognitive ability, which plays an essential role in guiding and optimizing our activities. However, little is known about metacognitive capacity for highly practiced motor behaviors and its neural correlates. Using structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the present study examined the brain substrates underlying individual differences in self-awareness of handwriting in adults, a highly practiced visuomotor skill. Results showed that adult writers generally overestimate their handwriting skill, which is more pronounced in males relative to females. The extent of overestimation of handwriting quality was positively correlated with grey matter volume in the left fusiform gyrus, right middle frontal gyrus and right precuneus. Moreover, the activation of these regions in a handwriting task was not correlation with self-awareness of handwriting, confirming that the identified connection between brain structures and handwriting self-awareness is independent of task performances. The left fusiform gyrus and right middle frontal gyrus are thought to represent domain-specific brain mechanisms for handwriting self-awareness, while the right precuneus is likely to be a domain-general brain mechanism, suggesting that the ability of introspect practiced visuomotor skills relies on both domain-general and domain-specific brain systems. Together, this study is the first to reveal the neuroanatomical correlates of a highly practiced motor behavior, extending our understanding about the neural basis of human metacognition.
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From: 杨炀
Recommended references: Junjun LI,Zhenglong Lin,Ran Tao,Min Xu,Shihong Kong,Hong-Yan Bi,Yang Yang.(2020).Neuroanatomical correlates of individual differences in self-awareness of highly practiced visuomotor skills.[ChinaXiv:202007.00002] (Click&Copy)
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[V1] 2020-06-30 10:38:18 chinaXiv:202007.00002V1 Download
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